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city (2002 pop. 45,485), capital and largest city of MayotteMayotte
, island (2015 est. pop. 240,000), 144 sq mi (374 sq km), French departmental collectivity, Indian Ocean, in the Comoro chain. Mamoudzou is the capital and largest city. The land is gently rolling, with some mountains of ancient volcanic origin and deep ravines.
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. It lies on the Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean on the NE coast of Grande-Terre, Mayotte's main island, near the mouth of the Kaoueni R. Meat, fish, coconuts, coffee, and vanilla are traded in the city, and ylang-ylang oil is manufactured there. In 1962 the capital was moved there from Dzaoudzi on Pamandzi Island, to which Mamoudzou is connected by ferry.
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