Man Ray

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Ray, Man,

1890–1976, American photographer, painter, and sculptor, b. Philadelphia. Along with Marcel DuchampDuchamp, Marcel
, 1887–1968, French painter, brother of Raymond Duchamp-Villon and half-brother of Jacques Villon. Duchamp is noted for his cubist-futurist painting Nude Descending a Staircase,
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, Ray was a founder of the DadaDada
or Dadaism
, international nihilistic movement among European artists and writers that lasted from 1916 to 1922. Born of the widespread disillusionment engendered by World War I, it originated in Zürich with a 1916 party at the Cabaret Voltaire and the
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 movement in New York and Paris. He is celebrated for his later surrealist paintings and photography. Among his inventions is the rayograph, a photograph obtained by the direct application of objects of varying opacity to a light-sensitive plate. His works include the painting The Rope Dancer Accompanies Herself with Her Shadows and the enigmatic sculpture Gift (both: Mus. of Modern Art, New York City). Ray also made several surrealist films, of which L'Étoile de Mer (1928) is the best known.


See his autobiography (1963). See also studies by N. Baldwin (1988), M. Foresta (1988), R. Penrose (1989), and E. C. Garcia (2011); Man Ray Fautographe (CD-ROM, 1996).

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Man Ray (b. Emmanuel Rudnitsky)

(1890–1976) painter, photographer; born in Philadelphia. A self-taught artist, he took odd jobs in advertising before leaving for Paris, where he was a commercial photographer (1921–39). Inspired by Dadaism, he used the Rayogram, a photo developed by sunlight, to combine painting and photography, defying the conventions of both. He taught photography in Hollywood (1939–50) before returning to Paris for good.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lee agrees, but she insists the magazine publish her photos, not Man Ray's, and the editor pushes back.
Man Ray was born Emmanuel Radnitzky in 1890 in Philadelphia to Russian-Jewish immigrant parents who both worked in the rag trade.
Summary: "Of course, there will always be those who look only at technique, who ask 'How,'" modernist painter and avant-garde photographer Man Ray once said, "while others of a more curious nature will ask 'Why.'
Fearnley faced tough competition for the keeper's shirt from the likes of Sandy Kennon and ex-Manchester United man Ray Wood.
Bags of tricks by Dynamation man Ray Harryhausen, with a rousing score by Bernard Herrmann.
Man Ray and Lee Miller lived together in Paris from 1929 through 1932, first as teacher and student, and then as lovers.
MAN RAY (born Emmanuel Radnitzky, 1890-1976) was a leader in two pioneering modern art movements, Surrealism and Dad& but never was invested deeply in either of the two.
Man Ray, nee Emmanuel Radnitzky, is one of the most brilliant, unpredictable, and anticonventional artists of the 20th century.
Although eventually they reconciled as friends, for Man Ray, who had become addicted to Miller, it would be forty-four years before he had worked through his withdrawal.
Chelsea are on the lookout for a new assistant manager following the sudden departure of Carlo Ancelotti's right-hand man Ray Wilkins.
CHELSEA are seeking a new assistant manager following the sudden departure of Carlo Ancelotti's right-hand man Ray Wilkins.