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See also: National Parks and Monuments (table)National Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 49,075 (19,868) Mountain and coast scenery.
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(mənăs`əs), town (1990 pop. 27,957), seat of Prince William co., N Va., in a farm area; inc. 1873, rechartered 1938. Manassas has become a growing residential town with retail shopping centers; its development has been spurred as the Washington, D.C., suburbs expand further into northern Virginia. There is a large computer memory chip plant, and Internet-related companies are based nearby. The Old Town district contains turn-of-the-century brick buildings. During the Civil War, Manassas was a key railroad junction, and the battles of Bull RunBull Run,
small stream, NE Va., c.30 mi (50 km) SW of Washington, D.C. Two important battles of the Civil War were fought there: the first on July 21, 1861, and the second Aug. 29–30, 1862. Both battlefields are included in Manassas National Battlefield Park (est. 1940).
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 were fought nearby; the sites are locally marked. The town of Manassas Park (1990 pop. 6,734) is adjoining, and near both is the Manassas National Battlefield Park (see National Parks and MonumentsNational Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 49,075 (19,868) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.
, table).
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Manassas (Independent City), Virginia

PO Box 560
Manassas, VA 20108
Phone: (703) 257-8200
Fax: (703) 335-0042

In northeastern VA, 25 mi. west of Alexandria. Established 1852; incorporated as a town in 1874; as a city in 1975. Serves as county seat for Prince William County. Name Origin: For its location at the Manassas junction of the Manassas Gap Railroad and the Orange and Alexandria Railroad

Area (sq mi):: 9.96 (land 9.93; water 0.02) Population per square mile: 3783.40
Population 2005: 37,569 State rank: 45 Population change: 2000-20005 6.90%; 1990-2000 25.70% Population 2000: 35,135 (White 66.30%; Black or African American 12.90%; Hispanic or Latino 15.10%; Asian 3.40%; Other 11.70%). Foreign born: 14.20%. Median age: 31.30
Income 2000: per capita $24,453; median household $60,409; Population below poverty level: 6.30% Personal per capita income (2000-2003): $31,038-$32,849
Unemployment (2004): 3.10% Unemployment change (from 2000): -0.20% Median travel time to work: 32.40 minutes Working outside county of residence: 75.30%
Cities with population over 10,000:
  • Manassas County seat (37,615)

  • See other counties in .
    Counties USA: A Directory of United States Counties, 3rd Edition. © 2006 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
    The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



    a city in the state of Virginia (USA), 40 km southwest of Washington, D.C.

    During the US Civil War of 1861-65 there were two major battles between the armies of the North and South at Bull Run, near Manassas. In July 1861 on the Bull Run River the Northern Army (35,000 men), commanded by General I. McDowell, was covering the capital against the Southern Army of General P. G. de Beauregard (31,000 men), which had approached Manassas. On July 21 the Northern troops, consisting of poorly trained volunteers, went on the offensive but were attacked by the enemy from the front and flanks and fled in panic toward Washington, losing up to 3,000 men and a large part of their artillery. The Southern losses were about 2,000. After this defeat A. Lincoln’s government took a number of important steps to enlarge and reorganize the army.

    In August 1862 the Northern Army of Virginia, commanded by General J. Pope (65,000 men), was on the defensive to the south of Manassas. General R. Lee, commander of the Southern Army (54,000 men), decided to crush General Pope’s forces with strikes from the front and flank (using General T. Jackson’s corps) and take the capital. On August 29, General Pope tried unsuccessfully to repulse the advance by Jackson’s encircling corps. On August 30 bitter fighting unfolded on the Bull Run River; in this battle the Northern Army again was defeated and withdrew. But General Lee decided not to continue his advance against Washington, which was strongly fortified.

    The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


    a town in NE Virginia, west of Alexandria: site of the victory of Confederate forces in the Battles of Bull Run, or First and Second Manassas (1861; 1862), during the American Civil War. Pop.: 37 166 (2003 est.)
    Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
    References in periodicals archive ?
    The community sits just west of Grant Avenue on Prince William Street, offering easy access to a variety of retailers and the Virginia Railway Express commuter rail line at Manassas Park Station.
    Manassas was his 12th and last runner of the meeting, so the relief was palpable.
    Bruce Catton's 1956 description of the First Battle of Bull Run, or First Manassas, encapsulates a consensus about the battle that Americans have held from the moment it ended in July 1861.
    "I know a guy who runs a pool hall in Manassas Park, where they have lots of illegals.
    TELECOMWORLDWIRE-18 October 2007-Verizon Communications to offer FiOS TV to Manassas Park, Virginia(C)1994-2007 M2 COMMUNICATIONS LTD
    Rising test scores at the six-year-old Manassas Park High School may be due to the building's architectural features, such as wider hallways and furniture, improved lighting, more private study areas for students, and secure but not prisonlike buildings.
    Address for correspondence: Ken Alibek, National Center for Biodefense and Infectious Diseases, George Mason University, 10900 University Blvd, Manassas, VA 20110, USA; email:
    9104 Manassas Drive, Suite N, Manassas Park, VA 20111-5211
    Communications Technology Inc (COMTek), a high-speed broadband service provider, has announced that together with the city of Manassas, Virginia, a suburb of Washington, D.C., it has delivered the first city-wide availability of broadband over powerline (BPL) in the US.
    "We're now using the means that the electrical infrastructure offers to convey broadband all the way to the home." Last July, COMTek, based in Chantilly, Virginia, partnered with the city of Manassas to launch the nation's first commercial deployment of BPL.
    * A $50.25 million loan for Bull Run Plaza in Manassas, Va.;