The uplink VLC is packet-based, and each packet consists of a 4-bit header in Manchester coding and a 32-bit payload in on-off keying (OOK) format.
As the header is in Manchester coding format, much narrower fringes can be easily distinguished from the OOK payload data.
Manchester coding and sub-carrier multiplexing (SCM) for reducing modulation noise.
Manchester coding  and subcarrier multiplexing (SCM)  rather than traditional NRZ format for downstream signal.
The information sent by devices in early applications was formatted in Manchester coding
, in which the data sent is broken down into a series of long and short signals.
The analysis of SRD parameters indicates that usually they use Manchester coding method.
Of the two FEC methods tested on victim link, it was observed that using Manchester coding algorithm can achieve greater resistance from interference than using Whitening coding algorithm.