Manchester school


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Manchester school,

group of English political economists of the 19th cent., so called because they met at Manchester. Their most outstanding leaders were Richard CobdenCobden, Richard
, 1804–65, British politician, a leading spokesman for the Manchester school. He made a fortune as a calico printer in Manchester. A firm believer in free trade, after 1838 he devoted himself to the formation and work of the Anti-Corn-Law League.
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 and John BrightBright, John,
1811–89, British statesman and orator. He was the son of a Quaker cotton manufacturer in Lancashire. A founder (1839) of the Anti-Corn Law League, he rose to prominence on the strength of his formidable oratory against the corn laws.
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. Their chief tenet was that the state should interfere as little as possible in economic matters (see laissez-fairelaissez-faire
[Fr.,=leave alone], in economics and politics, doctrine that an economic system functions best when there is no interference by government. It is based on the belief that the natural economic order tends, when undisturbed by artificial stimulus or regulation, to
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), and they advocated free tradefree trade,
in modern usage, trade or commerce carried on without such restrictions as import duties, export bounties, domestic production subsidies, trade quotas, or import licenses.
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.

Bibliography

See F. W. Hirst, ed., Free Trade and other Fundamental Doctrines of the Manchester School (1903, repr. 1968); W. D. Grampp, The Manchester School of Economics (1960).

References in periodicals archive ?
Quite early in his career he became a disciple of what was called the Manchester school of landscape art, of which the late Anderson Hague was the acknowledged leader.
Meanwhile 22-year-old Marged Elin Owain, has recently graduated from Manchester School of Art, will use her scholarship to pay for a course in Seattle, USA and then a Masters degree in glass design at Sunderland.
Declan lectures at a number of international architecture schools including the Manchester School of Architecture, University of Bath, The University of Virginia and at the V&As Sustaining Identity Symposium.
It was the only Mersey building to win one of the regional titles for "architectural excellence" at the ceremony at the Manchester School of Art.
5% each in both Manchester School and Cork School of Music, which brings the total interests for HICL Group in these two projects to 75.
The workshop, called "TeachCode Academy," was organized by Dyn and MIT's Scheller Teacher Education Program, in partnership with the governor's STEM task force, STEAM Ahead NH and the Manchester School District.
From a shortlist of 10 young artists it was Becca Halliwell-Sutton, a final year student at Manchester School of Art, who came out on top, landing the Woon Foundation Art and Sculpture Prize.
Sally Stone is a faculty member of the Manchester School of Architecture in the UK.
By 1849, however, laissez-faire economics were in the ascendant, and members of the Manchester School in particular were determined to completely repeal the taxes, for both ideological and business reasons.
I remember being asked to join the Manchester School choir, which was a lovely offer.
He received his Masters in International Business from Manchester School of Management and a Bachelor degree in Computation at UMIST, in the United Kingdom.
Also shortlisted for this year's prize was the London Aquatics Centre, which hosted the Olympic swimming events, the Saw Swee Hock Student Centre at the London School Of Economics, the Shard and the Manchester School of Art.

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