Mandan


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Related to Mandan: Hidatsa

Mandan

(măn`dăn, –dən), indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). The Mandan were a sedentary tribe of the Plains area and were culturally connected with their neighbors on the Missouri River, the ArikaraArikara
, Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Caddoan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). Archaeological evidence shows that they occupied the banks of the upper Missouri River since at least the 14th cent.
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 and the HidatsaHidatsa
, Native North Americans, also known as the Minitari and the Gros Ventre. Their language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages).
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. The Mandan had certain distinctive cultural traits, which included a myth of origin in which their ancestors climbed from beneath the earth on the roots of a grapevine. According to tradition, at one time the Mandan lived to the east, but their movements in historic times were westward up the Missouri River. By the mid-18th cent., they lived in nine villages near the mouth of the Heart River in S central North Dakota. After having suffered severely from smallpox and the attacks of the Assiniboin and the Sioux, the Mandan moved farther up the Missouri River to a point opposite the Arikara villages. Here the Mandan survivors merged into two villages on opposite sides of the Knife River. They were visited (1804) by Lewis and Clark, who said that they numbered some 1,250. In 1837, after an epidemic of smallpox and cholera, the Mandan were reduced to some 150, all dwelling in a single village. When the Hidatsa moved (1845) from the Knife River region N to the Fort Berthold trading post, the few Mandan joined them. A large reservation was set aside (1870) for the Mandan, the Hidatsa, and the Arikara in North Dakota (Fort Berthold Reservation). There were some 1,200 Mandan in the United States in 1990.

Bibliography

See G. Catlin, O-Kee-Pa, a Religious Ceremony, and Other Customs of the Mandans (1867, centennial ed. by J. C. Ewers, 1967), E. A. Fenn, Encounters at the Heart of the World: A History of the Mandan People (2014).


Mandan

(măn`dăn, –dən), city (1990 pop. 15,177), seat of Morton co., S N.Dak., on the Missouri River opposite Bismarck; inc. 1881. A railroad division point, it is the distribution center for a grain, livestock, and dairy region. The city has a large cattle market and food-processing plants. Manufactures include wood and metal products and tile. Lewis and Clark wintered there (1804–5) in the Mandan Native American villages. A state industrial school is in the city, and a U.S. agricultural experiment station is nearby.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Mandan Refinery offered its support through a donation of $5,000 to support the efforts.
The arrest was made as part of an investigation into four bodies found inside RJR Maintenance and Management, which maintained apartment buildings and homes in the Bismarck and Mandan areas, on April 1.
Mandan died on April 29 in Los Angeles after a prolonged illness, confirmed The Hollywood Reporter.
Flanked by Nazim Mandan Bannu Sana Ullah, General Secretary Organizing Committee Tariq Ali Shah, Ihsan Ullah Shaheen said that the aim and objective of the event is to highlight a softer image of Bannu which is considered as hub of various sports.
El presentador, dice que gracias a Jugando con las estrellas y trabajando con ninos ha aprendido algo: <<Me ha sorprendido que ellos son los que realmente mandan en casa y los que mandan en el plato>>.
Meanwhile, EPI Coordinator Dr Iltaf son of Miradat Khan was injured in firing incident when the alleged criminal opened fire on him in the control of Mandan police station.
Proceeds of the GO Special Assessment Prepayment Bonds, Series 2016A will be used to prepay special assessment obligations to the City of Mandan
The focus is on the Mandan tribe, one of the Three Affiliated Tribes that include the Hidasta and Arikara.
GANED John Thomas Evans yn Waunfawr ym mis Ebrill 1770, wrth droed Moel Eilio ond doedd dim arwydd o gwbl yn ystod ei ieuenctid cynnar mai hwn fyddai'r dyn fyddai'n ddiweddarach yn archwilio'r Unol Daleithiau gan chwilio am y brodorion oedd yn siarad Cymraeg - llwyth y Mandan.
An assistant-sub inspector (ASI) was among those injured by the blast near Mandan Chowk in Bannu, Express News reported.
Cuarta intervencion: "Debemos atender el fondo de los problemas, el fondo de lo que ha llevado a esta crisis (...) Insisto en que hay un grupo, no son muchos (...) Son realmente los que mandan. Muchos de los que realmente mandan ni siquiera dan la cara.
The first of the 470m Standard heats saw June McCombe's Lively Mandan produce a strong late run to nail 5-2 favourite Boherna Hill in a time of 28.10sec.