The feeding apparatus of all crustaceans includes one particular feature: mandibles
, a pair of highly modified head limbs for biting and cutting food.
Los Viscos, level 7: two skull fragments (PVL 5878; PVL 5879), one left mandible
with m1-m2 (PVL 5880), three left mandibles
with m1 (PVL 5881, PVL 5886, PVL 5884), two left mandibles
with m1-m3 (PVL 5882, PVL 5885), one left mandible
with m3 (PVL 5883), one right mandible
(PVL 5887), three right mandibles
with m1 and m3 (PVL 5888, PVL 5891, PVL 5893), two right mandibles
with m1 (PVL 5889, PVL 5892), 1 right mandible
with m1-m2 (PVL 5890), 1 left maxilla with zygomatic plate (PVL 5894), two left maxillae with M1-M2 and zygomatic plate (PVL 5895, PVL 5896), one left maxilla with M1-M3 (PVL 5897), two right maxillae with M1-M2 (PVL 5898, PVL 5899) and isolated molars and incisors (PVL 5900).
If, on the other hand, you are drawn to the conclusion that treatments should be aimed at the mandible
, you must answer a simple question: Why?
Toward the edge of the mandibles
, the teeth showed more inclined cuspids, but always serrate.
described were removed from mature larvae and exuviae and examined with a Wilde (M-5) equipped with a camera lucida and a Meiji (ML2000) microscope.
When moose mandibles
are submitted to research agencies by hunters, assessment of the jaws and teeth can be used to determine age structure of the harvested populations.
Left and right sides of the mandible
in each [F.sub.2] mouse were separated at the mandibular symphysis, placed under a Wild microscope, and scanned into a Mac computer with the use of Adobe Photoshop.
Landmarks were digitized on standardized pictures of the dorsal, lateral and ventral views of the cranium, and latera view of the mandibles
Malocclusion is a condition which occurs when the mandible
and maxilla are in off balance position from each other or it can be defined as a condition that is deviated from normal occlusion of teeth.
This study investigates the position, position symmetry, shape and number of mental foramen in a heterogeneous South African population using dry adult human mandibles
, and compares our findings with recent data on some populations available in literature.
The study sample included 102 (one hundred and two) cadaveric human mandibles
, out of which 56 (fifty-six) were male and 46 (forty-six) female mandibles
Fracture of mandible
in bovine is rarely reported (Desrochers 2011).