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a rectangular or circular building with no internal partitions (sometimes with a fenced-in area) that is used for training horses, riding instruction, and horse shows. The floor is made of clay and is covered with a layer of sand and sawdust. In an enclosed rectangular manege the track is up to 130 m long, and in a circular manege up to 100 m. The track of an open-air manege is made of turf, densely packed soil, sand, or some man-made surface. Modern maneges are usually built near racetracks.
The maneges most noteworthy for their architecture were built in the 18th and 19th centuries. The most well-known are the classicist manege in Moscow (since 1957, the Central Exhibition Hall; 1817, engineer L. L. Karbon’e, built according to the design and under the direction of the engineer H. Béthancourt; architectural details, 1824-25, architect O. I. Bove) and the Cavalry Guards Manege in Leningrad (now a garage; 1804-07, architect G. Quarenghi).