Manfred

(redirected from Manfredi)

Manfred

(măn`frəd, Ger. män`frāt), c.1232–1266, king of Sicily (1258–66), the last HohenstaufenHohenstaufen
, German princely family, whose name is derived from the castle of Staufen built in 1077 by a Swabian count, Frederick. In 1079, Frederick married Agnes, daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV, and was created duke of Swabia.
..... Click the link for more information.
 on that throne. An illegitimate son of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II, Manfred was regent in Sicily for his brother Conrad IVConrad IV,
1228–54, German king (1237–54), king of Sicily and of Jerusalem (1250–54), son of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II. He was elected (1237) king of the Romans at his father's instigation after Frederick had deposed Conrad's older brother Henry in
..... Click the link for more information.
. Conrad died in 1254, and Manfred seized the regency for Conrad's young son, ConradinConradin
, 1252–68, duke of Swabia, titular king of Jerusalem and Sicily, the last legitimate Hohenstaufen, son of Holy Roman Emperor Conrad IV. While Conradin was still a child in Germany, his uncle Manfred made himself (1258) king of Sicily.
..... Click the link for more information.
. However, Pope Innocent IVInnocent IV,
d. 1254, pope (1243–54), a Genoese named Sinibaldo Fieschi, a distinguished jurist who studied and later taught law at the Univ. of Bologna; successor of Celestine IV. He was of a noble family.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and his successors, Alexander IV and Urban IVUrban IV,
d. 1264, pope (1261–64), a Frenchman (b. Troyes) named Jacques Pantaléon; successor of Alexander IV. In the pontifical service he was sent on missions into N Germany; then he was made bishop of Verdun (1253) and Latin patriarch of Jerusalem (1255).
..... Click the link for more information.
, were determined to stamp out the Hohenstaufen. Papal forces invaded Sicily, and Manfred was forced to restore (1254) the kingdom to the papacy, retaining only the duchy of Taranto in fief from the pope. Soon Manfred rebelled, reconquered S Italy and Sicily, assumed leadership of the antipapal forces throughout Italy, and had himself crowned (1258) at Palermo. Urban IV reacted by investing Charles of Anjou with Sicily as Charles ICharles I
(Charles of Anjou), 1227–85, king of Naples and Sicily (1266–85), count of Anjou and Provence, youngest brother of King Louis IX of France. He took part in Louis's crusades to Egypt (1248) and Tunisia (1270).
..... Click the link for more information.
. Invading Italy, Charles defeated Manfred at Benevento (1266). Manfred died in the battle, and Conradin was later captured and executed. After the Sicilian VespersSicilian Vespers,
in Italian history, name given the rebellion staged by the Sicilians against the Angevin French domination of Sicily; the rebellion broke out at Palermo at the start of Vespers on Easter Monday, Mar. 30, 1282.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (1282), Manfred's son-in-law, Peter III of Aragón, was chosen king of Sicily and began a new dynasty.

Manfred

magician, living alone in an Alpine castle, broods on his alienation from mankind and on his destruction of the woman he loved. [Br. Poetry: Byron “Manfred”]
See: Remorse
References in classic literature ?
Well, I was a million in advance with him, and now my fine Jacopo Manfredi suspends payment!"
The Warriors levelled things at 4-4 when Thomas Leuluai's wide pass found centre Oliver Gildart who put wing parner Manfredi over for a walk-in at the right corner.
Dom Manfredi's double gave Shaun Wane the fairytale finish he craved as Wigan lifted the third Super League title of their coach's tenure.
Under the agreement, Royal Caribbean, in partnership with Silversea Executive Chairman Manfredi Lefebvre D'Ovidio, will acquire the equity stake in Silversea based on an enterprise value of approximately USD 2.0bn.
Escare, 24, will join his Catalans Dragons teammate Romain Navarette at the DW Stadium in 2017, providing cover for both Sam Tomkins, who is likely to miss the start of the season after undergoing ankle surgery recently, and winger Dom Manfredi, who could be sidelined for most of the year with a knee injury.
Elkus Manfredi Architects and Gulf Related have commenced the implementation of "key design concepts" at Abu Dhabi's $1bn Al Maryah Central.
After George Williams kept the ball alive on the last tackle, Sean O'Loughlin's lofted kick allowed Dominic Manfredi to pick Ryan Hall's pocket in the air to close the gap to four.
Manfredi have amassed an impressive portfolio of groundbreaking public-minded projects, from the Seattle Art Museum's Olympic Sculpture Park to the Brooklyn Botanic Garden Visitor Center.
"With the corporate co-location building, Cornell Tech is charting new territory, and we look forward to exceeding expectations with an iconic architectural design by WEISS/ MANFREDI."
The new safety policies have been announced by Manfredi Lefebvre, the chairman of the European Cruise Council.
"We want Expotoons to be a bridge to connect Latin America to the world," says Rosanna Manfredi, a toon producer and managing director of the event.
Section 15's provision for equality rights may very well have created, as Manfredi maintains, an alternative method for pursuing interests that have failed to prevail in the political process.