Mangin, Charles Marie Emmanuel

Mangin, Charles Marie Emmanuel

(shärl märē` ĕmänüĕl` mäNzhăN`), 1866–1925, French general. A graduate of Saint-Cyr, he served in the Sudan under Jean MarchandMarchand, Jean Baptiste
, 1863–1934, French explorer and general. Sent to Africa (1897) to establish French control of the headwaters of the White Nile, Marchand led a heroic trek through uncharted terrain.
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 and in French North Africa. His works on French colonial activities show concern with colonial development and supply a useful exposition of French colonial policy. Mangin, who commanded in World War I and was prominent in the defense of Verdun, supported a costly policy of offensive warfare as opposed to trench warfare. In 1921 he became a member of the supreme war council and inspector general of colonial troops.
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