Mangrove Forests

Mangrove Forests

 

evergreen forests with low-trunked trees (5-10 m) found on silty tropical shores that are protected from the surf but are flooded when the tide is in. Mangrove trees have prop roots, which hold the plants in the silt, and aerial roots (pneumatophores), which protrude from the silt in the form of columns and supply the trees with oxygen. The leaves are often fleshy, with hydathodes through which excess salts are exuded; the old leaves have reservoirs of fresh water. The fruits have aerenchyma, which enable the fruits to float in water.

Mangrove forests consist of only a few species of trees, usually members of the genera Rhizophora, Avicennia, Aegiceras, Sonneratia, and Bruguiera. Many of the trees are viviparous. The interior belt of the mangrove forest serves as a transition to the tropical rain forests of the mainland and consists of such palms as Nipa fruticans and Phoenix paludosa. Epiphytes, mainly Spanish moss and other Bromeliaceae, are also found in the forests.

Mangrove forests are concentrated along the flat eastern shores of Africa, on Madagascar, on the Seychelles Islands, on the Mascarene Islands, and along the shores of South Asia and Australia; they are also encountered along the Atlantic shores of Africa, Central America, and South America, as well as along the Pacific coast of America from southern California to 4° N lat. The plant species in the mangrove forests of the Malay Archipelago are particularly diverse and lush.

O. S. GREBENSHCHIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Kiko pushes for protection of mangrove forests !-- -- Cecille Suerte Felipe (The Philippine Star) - September 5, 2019 - 12:00am MANILA, Philippines Sen.
He said that Miani Hor covers a large area which comprise of dense mangrove forests. This is the only area in Pakistan where three species of mangroves, such as Avicennia marina, Rhizophora mucronata and Ceriops tagal occur naturally.
239 aims to establish Mangrove Reservation Areas, or portions of land in all coastal areas in each municipality allotted solely for the preservation, protection, afforestation, and sustainable management of mangrove forests.
He said that MianiHor covers a large area which comprise of dense mangrove forests. This is the only area in Pakistan where three species of mangroves, such as Avicennia marina, Rhizophoramucronata and Ceriopstagal occur naturally.
Florida has lost much of the mangrove forests that once bordered its coasts and estuaries to development and sea-level rise.
'But celebrating World Mangrove Day is not only for observance, but rather a cause to restore the mangrove forests in our midst for their ecological benefits and a sustainable program to also help mitigate the effects of climate change,' Javier added.
Dubbed 'Mikoko project' it is aimed at restoring and conserving mangrove forests to ensure environmental sustainability.
DHAKA: One of the world's largest mangrove forests has been placed on UNESCO's danger list despite increased conservation efforts by the Bangladeshi government.
As we all know that water pollution is caused by the leakage and spills from ships which are harmful for the mangrove forests also.
'Mangrove forests offer a promising habitat and breeding ground for a large variety of marine life, including fish, crab, shrimp, mollusk species, plants and other organisms.
'On this occasion, let me reiterate Pakistan Navy's commitment to play its role in preserving Mangrove forests and the environment which is a blessing of Allah SWT.
Mangrove forests are important in the protection of seaside communities from typhoons, flooding, erosion and other coastal hazards, and serve as habitat for various aquatic life forms.