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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Mangup-Kale), ruins of a medieval city 20 km east of Sevastopol’. It is the site of a settlement that arose in the fourth century. The city was the center of southwestern Taurika in the sixth century. Its early medieval names were Doro or Doros. The designation “Mangup” was first mentioned in the tenth century. From the 12th to 15th centuries the city was known as Theodore and was the center of the principality of the same name. After the Crimea was conquered by the Turks in 1475, Mangup became the center of an administrative district. The population engaged mainly in leather dressing.

Mangup went into a decline in the second half of the 16th century and was permanently abandoned by its inhabitants at the end of the 18th century. There are remains of sixth- and 15th-century fortress walls, a sixth-century basilica (rebuilt in 1425), a 15th-century palace, and a 16th-century Turkish citadel. Archaeological research has been conducted since the 1890’s.


Tikhanova, M. A. “Doros-Feodoro v istorii srednevekovogo Kryma.” In Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, no. 34, Moscow, 1953.
Iakobson, A. L. Srednevekovyi Krym. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
140 may now be corrected: the fragmentary Greek inscription, found at Crimean Mangup (nine miles east of Sebastopol/ Chersonesus) in 1984, and there reported as unpublished, in fact appeared at AE 1996.1357, although the AE commentator's views are disputable, especially the fanciful connection of the text with Olbia, absent on the stone.
6:4); Mangup, burial chamber 3 (Sidorenko 1984, pp.
"Issledovanie sklonov gory Mangup," in Arkheologicheskie otkrytiia 1982 goda, ed.