Their topics include teaching dream interviewing for clinical practice, empirical research and clinical implications of the continuity between waking and dreaming, dream incubating: targeting dreaming to focus on particular issues, finding gender differences in dream reports, dreams as thinking in a different biochemical state, the manifest dream
report and clinical change, post-traumatic nightmares from scientific evidence to clinical significance, emerging concepts in nightmare therapy from sleep medicine, positive aspects of the classic nightmare, cross-cultural aspects of extraordinary dreams, and lucid dreaming: metaconsciousness during paradoxical sleep.
In 1932, he stated after a client's narration of a dream that 'we decided to concern ourselves as little as possible with what we have heard, with the manifest dream
' (Freud, 1933/1981: p 10) because there are memory falsifications resulting from an unconscious insincerity, also present in waking life.
The source and the contents of the manifest dream
material were put forward to two independent interpreters who after deep consideration interpreted dreams in tandem.
As the manifest dream
of a pioneering architect, built from fees earned during the design and construction of his famous Soviet clubhouses, it remained his dream home throughout his life.
Differences in the manifest dream
content of Anglo-American, Mexican American, and African American college women.
To date, only a few studies have systematically evaluated the manifest dream
content of schizophrenic patients.
The author examines the nature of the dream, how it unites conflicts in ambiguous ways so as to offer resolutions which serve as wish-fulfillment; then she differentiates between "manifest dream
," Freud's term for the over-all design of the dream and "latent dream," the underlying feelings and conflicts within the design.
Affect of course may be different or absent in the manifest dream
though present in the latent content.
the interpretation of [the material content] becomes a prerequisite for any later critic." One senses that the two contents - truth and material - are related in his view the way latent and manifest dream
contents are in Freud's theory of dreams.
In the Freudian model, the dream is regarded as a manifestation of a repressed, displaced and instinctually determined content, the dream itself being regarded as a "sign" of the hypothetically constructed constituents of Freudian theory.(2) This fundamentally theoretical approach to the dream content, and its identification with predetermined instinctual contents, creates a climate of suspicion with regard to the value or significance of the manifest dream
. It is not the significance of the manifest dream
per se but the greater signification of the "hidden and disguised" content latent in the dream experience that matters.
The significance of a dream may be revealed only after one has understood the dramatic use of the symbolism of the dream, the condensation of the material, the displacement of the conventional meaning of a symbol or utterance, or even a displacement of the "center" of the dream-thoughts; that is, the manifest dream
may center on a matter removed from the central concern of the latent dream.
Deconstructing the manifest dream
. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 32, 405-420.