Manifesto of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party

Manifesto of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party


a declaration proclaiming the foundation of the Social Democratic Party and its goals; compiled according to the resolution of the First Congress of the RSDLP, in March 1898.

Since Marxist theoreticians were at the time absent from St. Petersburg, P. B. Struve, a “legal Marxist,” was called upon to write the manifesto. Editing of the final version was done by S. I. Radchenko, V. I. Lenin’s comrade in arms from the days of the St. Petersburg Union of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class. The manifesto was issued as a separate leaflet in April 1898. It stated that the RSDLP would continue to serve the cause and maintain the traditions of the entire Russian revolutionary movement to date but would choose other paths and use other means of struggle. It set as the immediate task the overthrow of autocracy and the winning of political freedom for the people, holding the accomplishment of this task to be the necessary condition for the further struggle of the working class for socialism. The manifesto stressed the decisive role of the Russian proletariat in the future revolution. It looked upon the RSDLP as part of the international Social Democratic movement.

The manifesto had great importance as the first document of Russian Social Democracy, defining, although in brief and general form, the democratic and socialist tasks of the Russian proletariat and its party. As V. I. Lenin wrote, “We regard ourselves as members of this party; we agree entirely with the fundamental ideas contained in the manifesto and attach extreme importance to it as a public declaration of its aims” (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 4, p. 356).


Lenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed. (See index volume, part 1, page 349.) Pervyi s”ezd RSDRP, Mart 1898 g.: Dokumenty i materialy. Moscow, 1958.
Istoriia KPSS, vol. 1. Moscow, 1964. Pages 265-68.
References in classic literature ?
He now dug into the poor clergyman's heart, like a miner searching for gold; or, rather, like a sexton delving into a grave, possibly in quest of a jewel that had been buried on the dead man's bosom, but likely to find nothing save mortality and corruption.
Who shall measure what an all-pervading Spirit may do with these capabilities of our mortality, or the ways in which He may encourage the desponding souls of the desolate?
You ask the portier at what hours the trains leave--he tells you instantly; or you ask him who is the best physician in town; or what is the hack tariff; or how many children the mayor has; or what days the galleries are open, and whether a permit is required, and where you are to get it, and what you must pay for it; or when the theaters open and close, what the plays are to be, and the price of seats; or what is the newest thing in hats; or how the bills of mortality average; or "who struck Billy Patterson.
While disease had thus become an inhabitant of Lowood, and death its frequent visitor; while there was gloom and fear within its walls; while its rooms and passages steamed with hospital smells, the drug and the pastille striving vainly to overcome the effluvia of mortality, that bright May shone unclouded over the bold hills and beautiful woodland out of doors.
Whether his meditations on mortality had touched his liver, or whether his general health had been previously at all amiss, or whether he desired to show a little attention to an eminent man, is not so much to the purpose, as that he made a short call upon his medical adviser--a distinguished surgeon--on his way back.
I used at first to wonder what comfort Traddles found in drawing skeletons; and for some time looked upon him as a sort of hermit, who reminded himself by those symbols of mortality that caning couldn't last for ever.
The royal phantom also carried a ghostly manuscript round its truncheon, to which it had the appearance of occasionally referring, and that, too, with an air of anxiety and a tendency to lose the place of reference which were suggestive of a state of mortality.
the tree at whose foot I lay had opened its rocky side, and in the cleft, like a long lily-bud sliding from its green sheath, stood a dryad, and my speech failed and my breath went as I looked upon her beauty, for which mortality has no simile.
Yet shall we not pretend that they were exempt from the common laws of mortality, or entirely free from all the errors of their age.
I do not know why I should fear death, I who have died twice and am still alive; but yet I have the same horror of it as you who have never died, and it is because of this terror of death, I believe, that I am so convinced of my mortality.
Few lads could have been more insensible to the impressions of a life thus passed among the ensigns of mortality.
It was not alone that it was composed of all the ills of mortality and with the pungent, acrid smell of blood, but it seemed as though corruption had become itself corrupt.