Manihot


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Related to Manihot: Manihot esculenta

manihot

[′man·ə‚hät]
(botany)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Manihot

 

a genus of plants of the family Euphorbiaceae. They are small monoecious trees, shrubs, and herbs with diclinous flowers. There are more than 160 species in tropical America. Cassava (Manihot esculentd) is grown for food in the tropical zones of both hemispheres. It is a rapidly growing bush, measuring up to 3 m tall and having alternate, deeply palmatisect leaves. The small flowers are in long panicles. The fruit is a capsule. The tuberous roots measure up to 1 m long, weigh up to 15 kg, and contain 20 to 40 percent starch. Flour and tapioca are made from the roots. A poisonous glycoside contained in the roots is removed when the roots are dried, washed, and cooked. Sweet cassava (M. dulcis) also contains a small amount of the glycoside. All species of Manihot contain a milky sap. Of the several rubber-bearing species, the ceara rubber (M. glaziovii) has the greatest commercial significance. It is a short tree (up to 12 m high), with three- to five-lobed shield-shaped leaves. It grows in arid regions in Brazil and is cultivated in arid regions of India and East Africa.

REFERENCE

Siniagin. I. I. Tropicheskoe zemledelie. Moscow, 1968.

V. N. GLADKOVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Intoxicacao experimental por Manihot glaziovii (Euphorbiaceae) em caprinos.
Maceration: The samples were divided into slices, and water was added to then decrease size to the maximum in a blender for two minutes for the case of Musa paradisiaca and Dioscorea trfida; for Manihot esculenta this had a grating process.
La yuca es un tuberculo perteneciente a la familia Euforbiacea y al genero Manihot, siendo de la especie M.
Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a popular food and income generating crop mainly among resource constrained farmers due to its comparative advantages over other crops, such as its drought tolerance, low requirements for inputs like fertilizers and chemicals, flexibility in planting and harvesting times, adaptation to a wide range of agro-ecological conditions, efficiency in utilization of mineral of marginal soils, diverse range of utilization and higher dry matter yield per hectare (FAO, 2013; MoAFS, 2007; Westby, 2002).
Cooper, "Phenylpropanoids, phenylalanine ammonia lyase and peroxidases in elicitor-challenged cassava (Manihot esculenta) suspension cells and leaves," Annals of Botany, vol.