Manihot


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Related to Manihot: Manihot esculenta

manihot

[′man·ə‚hät]
(botany)

Manihot

 

a genus of plants of the family Euphorbiaceae. They are small monoecious trees, shrubs, and herbs with diclinous flowers. There are more than 160 species in tropical America. Cassava (Manihot esculentd) is grown for food in the tropical zones of both hemispheres. It is a rapidly growing bush, measuring up to 3 m tall and having alternate, deeply palmatisect leaves. The small flowers are in long panicles. The fruit is a capsule. The tuberous roots measure up to 1 m long, weigh up to 15 kg, and contain 20 to 40 percent starch. Flour and tapioca are made from the roots. A poisonous glycoside contained in the roots is removed when the roots are dried, washed, and cooked. Sweet cassava (M. dulcis) also contains a small amount of the glycoside. All species of Manihot contain a milky sap. Of the several rubber-bearing species, the ceara rubber (M. glaziovii) has the greatest commercial significance. It is a short tree (up to 12 m high), with three- to five-lobed shield-shaped leaves. It grows in arid regions in Brazil and is cultivated in arid regions of India and East Africa.

REFERENCE

Siniagin. I. I. Tropicheskoe zemledelie. Moscow, 1968.

V. N. GLADKOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Wild Cassava Manihot glaziovii: Evaluation as feedstock for ethanol production through various fermentation approaches in stirred tank bioreactors.
In this paper, a strategy using UPLC-MS combined with pattern recognition analysis approach was developed to simplify and quicken the identification of multicomponent in Abelmoschus manihot L.
The barks of Manihot esculenta Crantz varieties (CO3, CO5) were washed under tap water followed by distilled water.
In ontogeny study on Manihot utilissima fruit, Toledo (1963a and b) considered that the endocarp originated from the subepidermal parenchyma, and it is composed of sclereids arranged into three regions.
manihotae were collected manually on leaves of Manihot esculenta Crantz (Euphorbiaceae), in the Brazilian states of Bahia, Mato Grosso do Sul, Parana, and Santa Catarina, from 2009 to 2013.
Isoquercitrin, hibifolin, myricetin and quercetin-3'-0-glycoside were isolated in our laboratory from the Abelmoschus manihot flower.
shak 7 Dioscorea Dioscoreaceae Mou alu pubera Blume 8 Manihot Euphorbiaceae Shemei alu esculenta Crantz 9 Hibiscus Malvaceae Amila sabdariffa L.
Table 1: Phytochemical analyses of Manihot esculenta variety Mulluvadi I and CO3.
Ceara or Manicoba rubber Manihot glaziovii Euphorbiaceae
Different varieties of Manihot esculenta are boiled, or grated and dried into flour.
Gandhi 11 Manihot Euphorbiaceae Shemei alu shak esculenta Crantz 12 Cajanus Fabaceae Dumor shumi pada cajan (L.
2008, "Optimization of pectinase production from Manihot utilissima by Aspergillus niger NCIM 548 using statistical experimental design," Res.