Manila hemp


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Manila hemp,

the most important of the cordage fibers. It is obtained chiefly from the Manila hemp plant (Musa textilis) of the family Musaceae (bananabanana,
name for several species of the genus Musa and for the fruits these produce. The banana plant—one of the largest herbaceous plants—is native to tropical Asia but now cultivated throughout the tropics.
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 family). It is grown mainly in its native Philippine Islands, where it has been cultivated since the 16th cent. and is known as abacá. The abacá is in no way related to the true hemp; it is of the same genus as the common banana, which it closely resembles except for the inedible fruit. At maturity the plants are cut down, and the long fibers are taken from overlapping leaves that converge at the base to form a false stem. The fibers are exceptionally strong and durable. The coarser ones are used for binder twine, matting, and rope, particularly marine cordage because of their resistance to the action of saltwater; the finer grades are woven into beautiful native fabrics and hemp hats. Manila paper is made chiefly from old Manila hemp ropes and is valuable as a strong wrapping paper. Manila hemp is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Zingiberales, family Musaceae.

Manila hemp

[mə′nil·ə ′hemp]
(botany)
References in periodicals archive ?
While India is not a major importer of Philippine abaca, Costales earlier said a prolonged ban could hurt the country's stature as the world's top producer and exporter of the natural fiber, known over the world as Manila hemp.
Almost all of these companies engaged in cultivation and export of Manila hemp. Three were engaged in coconut planting and copra exportation and one in coconut and rubber cultivation; a few combined coconut and hemp cultivation, and others also engaged in lumbering.
Manila hemp pulp is always used in unbleached form.
The largest Japanese community in Southeast Asia thus developed in Davao with the cultivation of Manila hemp as its major industry.
While India is not a major importer of Philippine abaca, Costales said a prolonged ban could hurt the country's stature as the world's top producer and exporter of the natural fiber, known the world over as Manila hemp.
* Do you know that abaca is actually a Spanish word of what is commonly popularly known worldwide as "Manila Hemp." However, it is not related to the true hemp.
Abaca, also known as Manila hemp, is the world's strongest natural fiber.
The Philippines remains as the top producer and supplier of Manila hemp. Currently, the country accounts for some 85 percent of global abaca output.
Materials native to Davao-Paua shells, metals, abaca fibers (Manila Hemp), mother-of-pearl, snakeskin-give the pieces a unique sense of place.
Naga City, Camarines Sur -- The Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) office in Sorsogon has concluded a three-day skills training on slipper making using "abaca" (Manila hemp).
With these guidelines and expected government support, the country can only hope the Philippine abaca, known to many as Manila hemp, would continue to get stronger as an industry.
The abaca (known internationally as the famous Manila Hemp) rehabilitation project targets some 150 farmers.