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Manipur(mənĭpo͝or`), state (2001 provisional pop. 2,388,634), 8,628 sq mi (22,347 sq km), NE India, bordered by Myanmar on the south and east. ImphalImphal
, city (1991 pop. 202,839), capital of Manipur state, NE India, in the Manipur River valley, 2,500 ft (762 m) above sea level. Industries include weaving and the manufacture of metalware; the town is an important trade market.
..... Click the link for more information. is the capital. The terrain, mostly jungle, is on a high plateau, about 2,600 ft (790 m) above sea level. The Manipur Hills have peaks rising to 8,500 ft (2,590 m) and are mainly covered in jungle. Agriculture and forestry are the major sources of income.
The inhabitants are predominantly of Mongolic stock and speak Tibeto-Burman languages. The majority are Hindu Methei, with Naga (25%) and Kuki (15%) tribespeople making up the remainder of the population. Long-standing animosity between Nagas and Kukis has resulted in hundreds of deaths, and led to the rise of a variety of insurgent groups; extrajudicial killings by counterinsurgency forces have contributed to unrest. Nagas have declared their goal is to extend the state of NagalandNagaland
, state (2001 provisional pop. 1,988,686), 6,365 sq mi (16,485 sq km), NE India. Kohima is the capital; the largest city is Dimapur. It is a wild, forested, and undeveloped region bounded by Myanmar on the east and the Indian states of Manipur on the south, Assam on the
..... Click the link for more information. to include Manipur and the two other bordering states, as well as a portion of Myanmar. In 2010 Naga groups mounted a blockade of the roads into the state that lasted some four months in several phases.
The raja of Manipur signed (1762) a treaty of protection with the British, who provided forces against invading Burmese; the British administered the area from Assam state. In 1944 Manipur was the site of a significant World War II battle, at Imphal, that thwarted a Japanese invasion of India. In 1947 Manipur became independent as British rule ended in India. In 1949 the raja signed under pressure an accession agreement with India, and Manipur became a territory under the direct control of the central government of India. Manipur became a state in 1972. It is governed by a chief minister and cabinet responsible to an elected unicameral legislature and by a governor appointed by the president of India.
a state (since 1972) in northeastern India, along the Burma border. Area, 22,400 sq km. Population, 1.1 million (1971). Its administrative center is the the city of Imphal. The terrain consists of meridionally extending ridges (elevation, 2,000-2,500 m) alternating with broad intermontane valleys located at elevations of 800-1,000 m. The climate is moderately warm. Precipitation is from 1,500 mm in the valleys to 2,500 mm on mountain slopes. Tropical rain forests prevail on the windward slopes of mountains. On leeward slopes there are deciduous forests, giving way with altitude to broadleaf forests, pine forests, and meadows. Manipur is a backward agricultural region: in some areas the slash-and-burn method of agriculture continues to be used. The extensive intermontane valley of the Manipur River is the basic rice-growing region. There is cultivation of oil-bearing plants, tobacco, cotton, and leguminous plants. Gardening and silkworm breeding are also engaged in. Hand-woven fabrics with national decorative designs are produced.