Manley, Michael Norman

Manley, Michael Norman,

1924–97, prime minister of Jamaica (1972–80, 1989–92); son of Norman ManleyManley, Norman Washington,
1893–1969, prime minister of Jamaica (1959–62); father of Michael Manley. Of Irish and African descent, he was educated at Oxford and became an internationally known lawyer.
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. A leader of the socialist People's National party, he was first elected to parliament in 1967. Winning a landslide victory in 1972, he shifted Jamaican politics to the left, establishing close relations to Cuba, nationalizing industry, and denouncing U.S. imperialism. He was reelected in 1976, but in 1980 lost to conservative Edward SeagaSeaga, Edward Philip George
, 1930–2019, prime minister of Jamaica (1980–89). Born in Boston, Mass., to Jamaican parents of Lebanese, European, and African descent, he was a record producer before entering politics.
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. Manley was returned to power in 1989, this time leading a more moderate government and encouraging foreign investment. Following serious illness, he resigned in 1992.
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