Born July 7, 1890, in Sopron; died Feb. 4, 1970, in Budapest. Hungarian scientist in veterinary medicine; academician (1939) and vice-president (1960-66) of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
In 1912, Manninger graduated from the Higher Veterinary School in Budapest and was given the chair of epizootiology. In 1928 he organized the State Veterinary Research Institute, which he headed for 15 years. His principal scientific interest was the pathology of infectious diseases in animals and veterinary microbiology. He investigated the most important problems of the diagnosis of anthrax and brucellosis, immunization of cattle against tuberculosis, and specific prophylaxis for swine plague and sheep pox. He was one of the authors of a well-known manual on special pathology and treatment of domestic animals. In 1955 he founded the Society of Microbiologists of Hungary and was its chairman for 12 years. He was a permanent member of 18 foreign academies and scientific societies, including the V. I. Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences (1957). He received the Kossuth Prize in 1950 and 1961. He was awarded two Orders of the Red Banner of Labor, the Order of the Hungarian People’s Republic, and other orders.
WORKSIn Russian translation:
Chastnaia patologiia i terapiia domashnikh zhivotnykh, vols. 1-2. Moscow, 1961-63.
REFERENCES“R. Manninger.” Acta Veterinaria Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 1970, vol. 20, no. 2.
“Pamiati R. Manningera.” Veterinariia, 1970, no. 5.