pressure measurement

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Pressure measurement

The determination of the magnitude of a fluid force applied to a unit area. Pressure measurements are generally classified as gage pressure, absolute pressure, or differential pressure. See Pressure

Pressure gages generally fall in one of three categories, based on the principle of operation: liquid columns, expansible-element gages, and electrical pressure transducers.

Liquid-column gages include barometers and manometers. They consist of a U-shaped tube partly filled with a nonvolatile liquid. Water and mercury are the two most common liquids used in this type of gage. See Barometer, Manometer

There are three classes of expansible metallic-element gages: bourdon, diaphragm, and bellows. Bourdon-spring gages, in which pressure acts on a shaped, flattened, elastic tube, are by far the most widely used type of instrument. These gages are simple, rugged, and inexpensive. In diaphragm-element gages, pressure applied to one or more contoured diaphragm disks acts against a spring or against the spring rate of the diaphragms, producing a measurable motion. In bellows-element gages, pressure in or around the bellows moves the end plate of the bellows against a calibrated spring, producing a measurable motion.

Electrical pressure transducers convert a pressure to an electrical signal which may be used to indicate a pressure or to control a process. Such devices as strain gages and resistive, magnetic, crystal, and capacitive pressure transducers are commonly used to convert the measured pressure to an electrical signal. See Pressure transducer

McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Physics. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

pressure measurement

[′presh·ər ‚mezh·ər·mənt]
(engineering)
Measurement of the internal forces of a process vessel, tank, or piping caused by pressurized gas or liquid; can be for a static or dynamic pressure, in English or metric units, either absolute (total) or gage (absolute minus atmospheric) pressure.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Pressure measurement

The determination of the magnitude of a fluid force applied to a unit area. Pressure measurements are generally classified as gage pressure, absolute pressure, or differential pressure.

Pressure gages generally fall in one of three categories, based on the principle of operation: liquid columns, expansible-element gages, and electrical pressure transducers.

Liquid-column gages include barometers and manometers. They consist of a U-shaped tube partly filled with a nonvolatile liquid. Water and mercury are the two most common liquids used in this type of gage.

There are three classes of expansible metallic-element gages: bourdon, diaphragm, and bellows. Bourdon-spring gages, in which pressure acts on a shaped, flattened, elastic tube, are by far the most widely used type of instrument. These gages are simple, rugged, and inexpensive. In diaphragm-element gages, pressure applied to one or more contoured diaphragm disks acts against a spring or against the spring rate of the diaphragms, producing a measurable motion. In bellows-element gages, pressure in or around the bellows moves the end plate of the bellows against a calibrated spring, producing a measurable motion.

Electrical pressure transducers convert a pressure to an electrical signal which may be used to indicate a pressure or to control a process. Such devices as strain gages and resistive, magnetic, crystal, and capacitive pressure transducers are commonly used to convert the measured pressure to an electrical signal. See Pressure transducer, Strain gage

McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Engineering. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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