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1. (in medieval Europe) the manor house of a lord and the lands attached to it
2. (before 1776 in some North American colonies) a tract of land granted with rights of inheritance by royal charter
3. a manor house
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the term for a feudal patrimony in medieval England. Although manors were established before the Norman conquest of England in 1066, they became widespread and uniform throughout the country only after the beginning of the Norman age. A “typical” manor consisted of two parts: the demesne, or lands retained by the lords for their own use, and the lands of the serfs (villeins) and freeholders. In addition, the manor included common lands, most of which were used by all the manor’s inhabitants, but which were considered the personal property of its lord.

The overwhelming majority of the manor’s inhabitants were villeins. The economy of the demesne depended on their labor obligations, and their quitrent in kind satisfied the needs of the lord and was sold by him on the market. The villeins were subject to the jurisdiction of the lord in the manorial court. They were also obliged to pay banalities to the lord. The manor was administered by the lord’s ministerials (the stewards). On the manor all forms of seignorial dependence were encountered: the peasants were personally, legally, and economically dependent on the lord.

By the end of the 13th century, most of the manors were small or middle-sized. As the exchange of money and goods developed, the manorial system declined. Gradually the villeins were emancipated, and the corvee was commuted to cash payments. Demesne lands were either given out to a single major lessee or were broken up into small plots that were rented to small peasant farmers. In the later Middle Ages, as economic relations took on a completely new, bourgeois character, the manor became an empty shell. Manors disappeared in the 18th century, giving way to capitalist forms of landowning. However, their disappearance did not mean the elimination of the virtual monopoly over land-ownership by a minority—the basis of the modern system of landlordism.


Vinogradov, P. G. Issledovaniia po sotsial’noi istorii Anglii v srednie veka. Moscow, 1887.
Vinogradoff, P. The Villenage in England. Oxford, 1892.
Vinogradoff, P. The Growth of the Manor, 2nd ed. London, 1911.
Petrushevskii, D. M. Vosstanie Uota Tailera, 4th ed. Moscow, 1937.
Kosminskii, E. A. Issledovaniia po agrarnoi istorii Anglii XIII v. Moscow-Leningrad, 1947.
Barg, M. A. Issledovaniia po istorii angliiskogo feodalizma XI-XIII vv. Moscow, 1962.
Maitland, F. W. Domesday Book and Beyond. Cambridge (England), 1907.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
If travelling from Monument to Manors, continue the journey to Byker, change platform, and return to Manors platform two.
Reliable records survive for the Manors, Karki and Turna from the 17th century onwards.
The term Karki appears in the name of two manors, i.e.
Given that within a parish the names of manors might have been one of the most widely recognised and utilised place-names, they, as witnesses to history, of which most written records make no mention, are imbued with contemporary meaning.
This world-class village within the city of Wilton Manors creates a pedestrian friendly environment in one of the fastest growing areas in Broward County.
The successful bidders can now call themselves Lord of the Manor and will be able to apply to the College of Arms for a personal coat of arms for their exclusive use, which they can hand down to the next generation.
Lordships of the Manor are the oldest titles in Britain, going back more than 1,000 years and pre-dating William the Conqueror's invasion in 1066.
Billesley Manor first became a hotel in 1980, when it was converted, while maintaining its character, by Celebrated County Hotels.
The area of Billesley itself was mentioned in the deed of 705 AD and in 1066 it is recorded that the manor was owned by the Saxon Baldwin.
So Birmingham became the place to do business, to trade and manufacture and sell and buy, while perfectly respectable manors like Saltley and Edgbaston were not.
Iam often asked "How can I become lord of the manor?" (To be honest, I've never been asked that question, but I'm going to answer it anyway.) In fact it's not difficult.
The majority of the lordships are now sold in this way, many owners in the past having chosen to sell the house and land, but retain the title of Lord of the Manor.