Mansurah, Al

Mansurah, Al

(äl mänso͞or`ä), city (1986 pop. 317,508), N Egypt, a port in the Nile River delta. It is an agricultural market and industrial center. Manufactures include ginned cotton, cottonseed oil, and textiles. Al Mansurah was founded in 1221 to replace DumyatDumyat
or Damietta
, city (1986 pop. 89,069), capital of Dumyat governorate, N Egypt, on Lake Manzala near the Mediterranean Sea. It is a manufacturing and trade center. Its products include glassware; cotton, silk, and rayon textiles; and processed rice and fish.
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 (Damietta), then occupied by Crusaders. In 1250, Crusaders under Louis IXLouis IX
or Saint Louis,
1214–70, king of France (1226–70), son and successor of Louis VIII. His mother, Blanche of Castile, was regent during his minority (1226–34), and her regency probably lasted even after Louis reached his majority; she was his
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 of France suffered a crushing defeat there at the hands of the Mamluks. The city is the seat of a branch of the Univ. of Cairo, the Institute of Al Mansurah (affiliated with Al Azhar Univ. in Cairo), and Al Mansurah Polytechnic Institute.
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