Mantinea

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Mantinea

(măn'tĭnē`ə), city of ancient Greece, in E central Arcadia (now Arkadhía). In the Peloponnesian War a coalition led by Mantinea and Argos and urged on by Athens was defeated (418 B.C.) by Sparta at Mantinea. It was also the scene of the victory of Thebes over Sparta in which EpaminondasEpaminondas
, d. 362 B.C., Greek general of Thebes. He was a pupil of Lysias the Pythagorean, but his early life is otherwise obscure. As the Theban delegate to the peace conference of 371 B.C. he refused to surrender his claim to represent all Boeotia.
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 was killed (362 B.C.).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mantinea

 

an ancient Greek city in the province of Arcadia, in which region on June 27 (or July 3), 362 B.C., a battle took place between the troops of the Boeotian League, headed by Thebes under the command of Epaminondas, and troops of the anti-Boeotian coalition (Sparta, Athens, Mantinea, and other cities), under the command of the Spartan king Agesilaus II.

Epaminondas, developing a new tactic which he had employed at Leuctra, disposed his troops in an oblique battle order with a strong attack group on the left flank opposite the forces of the enemy, which were evenly dispersed along the entire front. The attack group and the cavalry of the Theban forces smashed the right wing of the allies and crowded in their center. The Thebans were close to victory, but at the battle’s decisive moment Epaminondas was mortally wounded, and his troops re-treated in confusion. The battle at Mantinea was the conclusion of the Boeotian League’s ascendancy in Greece (it had begun only in 379 B.C.).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Mantinea

, Mantineia
(in ancient Greece) a city in E Arcadia; site of several battles
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Thrasyas of Mantineia) used to gather his hemlock, not just anywhere, but at Susa or some other cold and shady spot; and so too with the other ingredients'(trans Hort).
For example, Mantineia was synoecized ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.]) from five settlements; Tegea from nine; Herea also from nine; Aigion from seven or eight; Patras from seven; Dyme from eight.
He considered the force of oratory to have been especially manifest in the excesses of Athens after the decline of Spartan and Theban power resulting from the Battle of Mantineia in 362 B.C.
To Alcibiades and the other men present at Agathon's banquet, Socrates reports what Diotima of Mantineia has taught him about love: