Manuel Azaña

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Azaña, Manuel

 

Born Jan. 10, 1880, in Alcalá de Henares; died Nov. 4, 1940, in Montauban, France. Spanish political leader and man of letters.

Azaña participated in the Pact of San Sebastián (1930) and in that same year founded the Republican Action Party (1930–34). After the republic was established, he became war minister in 1931, and from 1931 to 1933 he was head of the government. In April 1934 he became the leader of the Left Republican Party, which joined the Frente Popular in 1936 Following the latter’s victory in the elections of Feb. 16, 1936, Azaña became head of the government, and subsequently, from May 1936 to Mar. 1, 1939, was president of the republic. During the period of the National Revolutionary War (1936–39), Azaña was the actual leader of the right wing of the Frente Popular. After the victory of Franco’s forces, he emigrated to France.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Manuel Azana pensaba que no: "Valle es por inclinacion natural, un tradicionalista.
(15) Con el tercer centenario del Quijote, la euforia cervantina vuelve a surgir y el Quijote es rescatado por Jose Ortega y Gasset, por Manuel Azana y por muchos otros.
And people like Abel himself, or some other members of the set of characters in the novel: Jose Moreno Villa, or Manuel Azana, or the indefatigable Juan Negrin.
Resulta significativo en ese sentido que Manuel Azana calificase el enfrentamiento hispano-estadounidense como "una gran quijotada" (pp.
Esta es una distincion que queda plasmada en el famoso discurso de Manuel Azana, entonces Ministro de Guerra.
EBRO OFFENSIVE GENERAL FRANSISCO FRANCO MAKENZIE-PAPINEAU BATTALION HILL 609 HILL 66 INTERNATIONAL BRIGADE REPUBLICANOS 15TH BRIGADE NATIONALES SECOND SPANISH REPUBLIC DOCTOR NORMAN BETHUNE MANUEL AZANA ERNEST HEMINGWAY COMMUNISTS POPULAR FRONT
Manuel Azana y Diaz nace en Alcala de Henares (Madrid) el 10 de enero de 1880, en el seno de una familia liberal.
A este hecho se referia Manuel Azana cuando en un discurso defendio la tradicion liberal y humanitaria de Espana, que "no ha sido siempre un pais inquisitorial, ni un pais intolerante, ni un pais fanatizado." Recordaba que incluso en los momentos de mayor control de la monarquia hubo disidencia, "ha habido siempre durante siglos en Espana un arroyuelo murmurante de gentes descontentas, del cual arroyuelo nosotros venimos y nos hemos convertido en ancho rio." Los republicanos no son, pues, una anomalia para Azana, sino lo mas consustancial a la historia de Espana.