Manuel Belgrano


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Belgrano, Manuel

 

Born June 3, 1770, in Buenos Aires; died there June 20, 1820. Leader in the liberation struggle of the peoples of La Plata against Spanish rule; general. Born into a rich merchant family.

Belgrano graduated from the University of Salamanca (1793) in Spain. In 1794 he became secretary of the chamber of commerce in Buenos Aires. In the early 19th century he was one of the founders of the first newspapers dealing with economic and agricultural questions. He took part in the defense of Buenos Aires during the English invasion of La Plata in 1806–07. From the first days of the struggle of La Plata for independence from Spain, Belgrano was the leader of the movement. In February 1812 he was appointed commander of the Northern Army of Patriots. He won important battles against the Spanish troops near Tucumán (Sept. 24, 1812) and near Salta (February 1813). In late 1813 he suffered a defeat at the hands of the Spanish Army and was removed from command. He was sent with a diplomatic mission to Europe in 1814. Upon returning to Buenos Aires (1815), he once again served in important military positions.

REFERENCE

Mitre, B. Historia de Belgrano y de la independencia Argentina. Buenos Aires, 1950.

A. I. SHTRAKHOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Known as the 'flag's birthplace', the city proudly presents the National Flag Memorial, an imposing construction covering 107,639sqft, built to pay tribute to General Manuel Belgrano, the creator of the Argentine flag and a key player in the independence struggle.
La tercera tecnica que en Cielo de tambores da voz a los grupos silenciados consiste en trazar un triangulo amoroso simbolico entre Maria, Gregorio Rivas y Manuel Belgrano. Maria sostiene una relacion sexual con Gregorio pero ama a Belgrano, con quien tambien mantiene una relacion fisica.
The oath-taking ceremonies involve fourth-graders (9-year-olds) and are held every year on June 20, the anniversary of the death, in 1820, of Manuel Belgrano, who designed the Argentine flag.
*Jujuy: Departamento Manuel Belgrano, subida a las lagunas de Yala, en el bosque montano de nogal criollo (Juglans australis) y alisos (Alnus acuminata)--las Yungas--en cursos rapidos de arroyos de montana, 1800 m, 24[grados]07'S 65[grados]22'W, 20-11-2005, E.
Zweifel pretende analizar el accionar de determinados intelectuales e instituciones en la construccion de estos contornos, destacando principalmente el rol de Manuel Belgrano. Las principales fuentes de su investigacion corresponden a cartas anonimas, relevamientos de Felipe Bauza, Felix de Azara, Pedro Cervino, Andres Oyarvide, Jose Maria Cabrer, Pablo Zizur, Pedro Benoit y Felipe Senillosa, y mapas de Arrowsmith, entre otros.
General Manuel Belgrano, Reserva de Vida Silvestre Urugua-i, sendero "de los pozones", 25[grados] 58' 26" S, 54[grados] 07' W, 300 m s.m., 30-XI-2004, Zuloaga & Belgrano 8296 (SI).