Chrysoloras, Manuel

(redirected from Manuel Chrysoloras)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Chrysoloras, Manuel

(krĭsəlôr`əs), c.1350–1415, Greek teacher and writer, b. Constantinople. Traveling to Italy on a diplomatic mission, he became celebrated for his teaching and introduced Greek literature into Florence and other Italian cities. Among his works were a Greek grammar, translations of Plato and Homer, and a Comparison of the Old and New Rome, an important source on the survival and placement of monuments in Rome and Constantinople. His pupils included a number of the finest early Renaissance scholars. Through Chrysoloras's teaching, the culture of classical Greece became the foundation of humanist studies in the West.
References in periodicals archive ?
Senator Bob Menendez (D-N.J.), Ranking Member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, delivered the 15th Manuel Chrysoloras keynote speech on security cooperation in the Eastern Mediterranean.
I am honored to be delivering the 15th Manuel Chrysoloras lecture here at EPLO.
Speech delivered at the 7th Manuel Chrysoloras Internatonal Lecture, Athens, 26th June, [http://www.foreign.gov.mt/default.aspx?MDIS=336&NWID=448], 15 September 2013
(3) Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Malta Michael Frendo, A voice for Europe in the Mediterranean--Challenges and Opportunities, Speech delivered at the 7th Manuel Chrysoloras Internatonal Lecture, Athens, 26th June 2009, accessed on 15 September 2013, [http://www.foreign.gov.mt/default.aspx?MDIS=336&NWID=448].
(New York, 1999), 1:301-6.) But he became acquainted with Coluccio Salutati, who suggested that he study Greek with Manuel Chrysoloras, the learned Byzantine diplomat whom Coluccio brought to Florence in 1397.
Buried later in the chapter and treated as though subsidiary to what appears to be the author's principal interest -- the establishing of correct chronological data -- are the highlights of Vergerio's career: that his De ingenuis moribus was the earliest and most frequently transcribed and reprinted treatise on education written en by an Italian humanist; that he was one of the first Italians to study ancient Greek under the great Byzantine Hellenist Manuel Chrysoloras; that he taught at the Universities of Padua and Bologna; that he served two Renaissance popes; and tha t he spent the last twenty-seven years of his life under the protection of the king of Hungaty, Sigismund III at Buda, where he died in 1444.
On the whole, Monfasani may be right, but he remains silent on an essential motivation of at least some of the Greeks who went to Italy, such as Manuel Chrysoloras and Bessarion.
Bruni was also close to several members of the wealthy and powerful Strozzi family.(12) The richest and probably most learned of the oligarchs, Palla di Nofri Strozzi, had studied with Bruni under Manuel Chrysoloras. They were friends for years, exchanging a number of letters, and, according to Vespasiano da Bisticci, Bruni considered Palla to be the embodiment of perfect human happiness.(13) Bruni invested in the Strozzi bank, and it is apparent that Palla, like many Florentines, followed Bruni's intellectual interests.(14) Another quite prominent oligarch of the Strozzi family, Matteo di Simone Strozzi (probably best known today as the husband of Alessandra Macinghi), had very close links to Bruni as well.
7v-9r) praises, among moderns, Dante, Petrarch, Manuel Chrysoloras, Bruni, and some others (fol.
The first complete Latin translation of this work was undertaken by the Byzantine scholar Manuel Chrysoloras while he was apostolic secretary to Gregory XII, and completed by Iacopo Angeli da Scarperia (Jacopo d'Angelo), also an apostolic secretary, who translated its title as the Cosmographia.(20) This new translation was the one that began to circulate in about 1405.
Let us begin with the latter.(6) It is very likely that Palla Strozzi (1372-1462) was given this Plotinus manuscript by his Greek master, Manuel Chrysoloras, whom Coluccio Salutati had called to Florence in 1397 in order to appoint him as the first teacher of Greek.