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Born Mar. 2, 1883, in Mexico City; died there July 16, 1960. Mexican archaeologist and ethnologist.
In 1943, Gamio became director of the Interamerican Institute of Native Peoples in Mexico City. He studied the cultures of pre-Columbian America, the history and contemporary status of the Indians (primarily those of Mexico), and questions concerning Mexican emigration to the USA. Gamio saw the solution to the problem of Mexico’s Indian population in the so-called integration of the surviving Indian peoples with the Spanish-speaking majority.