Manuelito, b.

Manuelito (b. Hastin Ch'ilhajinii or Hashkeh Naabah)

(?1818–94) Navajo war leader; born in present-day Utah. He was the last chief to hold out against a scorched-earth campaign by the U.S. government to defeat the Navajo. After surrendering his starving people (1865), he led them to exile where thousands died due to deplorable conditions. In 1876 he journeyed to Washington, D.C., to plead for a reservation nearer his people's homeland. The principal chief from 1870–85, he was also selected in 1872 to head the Navajo Indian Police Force.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.