industrial engineering

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industrial engineering:

see engineeringengineering,
profession devoted to designing, constructing, and operating the structures, machines, and other devices of industry and everyday life. Types of Engineering

The primary types of engineering are chemical, civil, electrical, industrial, and mechanical.
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industrial engineering

[in′dəs·trē·əl ‚en·jə′nir·iŋ]
A branch of engineering concerned with the design, improvement, and installation of integrated systems of people, materials, and equipment. Also known as management engineering.

Industrial engineering

A branch of engineering dealing with the design, development, and implementation of integrated systems of humans, machines, and information resources to provide products and services. Industrial engineering encompasses specialized knowledge and skills in the physical, social, engineering, and management sciences, such as human and cognitive sciences, computer systems and information technologies, manufacturing processes, operations research, production, and automation. The industrial engineer integrates people into the design and development of systems, thus requiring an understanding of the physical, physiological, psychological, and other characteristics that govern and affect the performance of individuals and groups in working environments.

Industrial engineering is a broad field compared to other engineering disciplines. The major activities of industrial engineering stem from manufacturing industries and include work methods analysis and improvement; work measurement and the establishment of standards; machine tool analysis and design; job and workplace design; plant layout and facility design; materials handling; cost reduction; production planning and scheduling; inventory control, maintenance, and replacement; statistical quality control; scheduling; assembly-line balancing, systems, and procedures; and overall productivity improvement. Computers and information systems have necessitated additional activities and functions, including numerically controlled machine installation and programming; manufacturing systems design; computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing, design of experiments, quality engineering, and statistical process control; computer simulation, operations research, and management science methods; computer applications, software development, and information technology; human-factors engineering and ergonomics; systems design and integration; and robotics and automation.

The philosophy and motivation of the industrial engineering profession is to find the most efficient and effective methods, procedures, and processes for an operating system, and to seek continuous improvement. Thus, industrial engineering helps organizations grow and expand efficiently during periods of prosperity, and streamline costs and consolidate and reallocate resources during austere times. Industrial engineers, particularly those involved in manufacturing and related industries, work closely with management. Therefore, some understanding of organizational behavior, finance, management, and related business principles and practices is needed. See Computer-aided design and manufacturing, Human-factors engineering, Operations research, Production planning

References in periodicals archive ?
Ramesh, dean of CSUN's College of Engineering and Computer Science, who represents the university at the institute, said, "We offer one of the three ABET-accredited bachelor's degree programs in manufacturing systems engineering in the state of California, and we are a leading partner in the national Maker Faire Movement, Higher Education University Alliance.
Stephen Jackman, 28, and Andrew Tindle, 30, have been awarded a degree in BEng (Hons) Manufacturing Systems Engineering accredited by the Institute of Mechanical Engineers.
Martin, who has just graduated with a first class honours degree in Manufacturing Systems Engineering, has won the Jones and Shipman prize of pounds 500 for producing the best project in precision engineering.
In an effort to decrease the material handling, work in process inventories, rework and scrap that has hurt the steel casting industry, Frank Peters and Tim VanVoorhis, assistant professors in Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering at Iowa State Univ., launched a study of U.S.
Martin, who graduated with a First Class Honours Degree in Manufacturing Systems Engineering, won the Jones and Shipman prize of pounds 500 for producing the best project in precision engineering.
And now, having just graduated with a first class honours degree in manufacturing systems engineering, Martin has won the Institute of Electrical Engineers' Jones and Shipman prize of pounds 500 for producing the best project in precision engineering.
Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering, 207 Hammond Building, University Park, PA 16802, 814/863-7290, Fax 814/863-4745

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