Aldus Manutius

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Aldus Manutius

(ăl`dəs mənyo͞o`shəs) or

Aldo Manuzio

(äl`dō mäno͞o`tsyō), 1450–1515, Venetian printer. He was educated as a humanistic scholar and became tutor to several of the great ducal families. One of them, the Pio family, provided him with money to establish a printery in Venice. Aldus was at this time almost 45 years old. He devoted himself to publishing the Greek and Roman classics, in editions noted for their scrupulous accuracy; a five-volume set of the works of Aristotle, completed in 1498, is the most famous of his editions. He was especially interested in producing books of small format for scholars at low cost. To this end he designed and cut the first complete font of the Greek alphabet, adding a series of ligatures or tied letters, similar to the conventional signs used by scribes, which represented two to five letters in the width of one character. To save space in Latin texts he had a type designed after the Italian cursive script; it is said to be the script of Petrarch. This was the first italic type used in books (1501). Books produced by him are called Aldine and bear his mark, which was a dolphin and an anchor. Aldus employed competent scholars as editors, compositors, and proofreaders to insure accuracy in his books. Much of his type was designed by Francesco Griffi, called Francesco da Bologna. The Aldine Press was later managed by other members of his family, including a son, Paulus Manutius (1512–74), and a grandson, Aldus Manutius (1547–97), who was best known for his classical scholarship.

Manutius, Aldus:

see Aldus ManutiusAldus Manutius
or Aldo Manuzio
, 1450–1515, Venetian printer. He was educated as a humanistic scholar and became tutor to several of the great ducal families. One of them, the Pio family, provided him with money to establish a printery in Venice.
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Manutius, Aldus

 

(Aldo Manuzio, Aldo Manucci). Born circa 1450 in Bassiano, near Rome; died Feb. 6, 1515, in Venice. Italian publisher and typographer. Renaissance scholar and humanist.

Aldus Manutius was the founder of the Aldine Press, which continued to operate for almost 100 years. Settling in Venice circa 1490, Manutius gathered around him Greek language experts to prepare editions of classical Greek authors. His largest edition consisted of the works of Aristotle in five volumes (1495-98), followed by the works of Aristophanes, Thucydides, Sophocles, Herodotus, Xenophon, Euripides, Demosthenes, Plutarch, and Plato, as well as editions of the letters of Greek philosophers and orators.

In 1499, Manutius published the War of Sleep and Love (Hypnerotomachia Poliphili) a work attributed to his contemporary Francesco Colonna. This edition is a masterpiece of printer’s art; the numerous woodcuts and beautiful type (antique) form a harmonious whole. From 1501, Manutius published collections of Roman classics in octavo form and for the first time printed in italics, a clear and capacious type that imitated the lettering of the documents issued by the papal office. Among the editions of Manutius were also the works of his contemporaries, such as Erasmus of Rotterdam. Manutius’ publications—the Aldines—were imitated and forged; to guard against this Manutius stamped his books with the firm’s hallmark, a dolphin entwined about an anchor.

In 1500, Manutius founded the New Academy (modeled after Plato’s Academy), whose members helped to collect and study the manuscripts of ancient authors and carefully prepared the texts of works to be printed. Manutius’ press was continued by his father-in-law, Andreas Torresanus, his son Paulus Manutius (1512-74), and his grandson Aldus Manutius, Junior (1547-97). Aldine editions are kept in the world’s largest libraries and in bibliophilic collections.

REFERENCES

Katsprzhak, E. I. htoriia knigi Moscow, 1964.
Flocon, A. L’Univers des livres. Paris, 1961.
Kirchner, J. Lexikon des Buchwesens, vol. 2. Stuttgart, 1953.
Renouard, A. A. Annales de l’imprimerie des Aides, 3rd ed. Paris, 1834.
Seritti sopra Aldo Manuzio. Florence, 1955.

A. I. MARKUSHEVICH

Aldus Manutius

1450--1515, Italian printer, noted for his fine editions of the classics. He introduced italic type
References in periodicals archive ?
6) El colon perfecto se emplea, segun Aldo Manuzio, para dividir "los verbos principales de la razon donde hay construccion perfecta", mientras que el colon imperfecto "suele ponerse despues de cada verbo menos principal .
For more nuanced but similar conclusions, see also Fumaroli, "Rhetorique decole et rhetorique adulte," 47-48; Costa, "Appunti sulla fortuna dello Pseudo-Longino nel Seicento: Alessandro Tassoni e Paganino Gaudenzio," Studi secenteschi 25 (1984): 123-43; and Costa, "Paolo Manuzio e lo Pseudo-Longino," Giornale storico della letteratura italiana 161 (1984): 60-77.
it/ EATING OUT RISTORANTE PIAZZA REPUBBLICA Via Aldo Manuzio,11, Angolo Finocchiaro Aprile, 20124 Milan FISH dishes are recommended but the show-stealer is the black rooster and white truffle risotto.
Al ano siguiente, en Venecia, Paolo Manuzio tambien lo recupera y publica en griego, aunque sin tener conocimiento de la edicion de Robortello (Steppich, 2006; Aullon de Haro, 2006).
Di sicuro rilievo e il fatto che il brano dei Miscellanea anticipi di circa vent'anni la princeps nell'originale testo greco dei Moralia plutarchei, (10) dati alle stampe solo nel 1509 per opera di Aldo Manuzio.
Estos fueron unos de los productos mas demandados (junto con los libros liturgicos y religiosos) al inicio de la Edad Moderna, y, en consecuencia libros como la gramatica latina de Aldo Manuzio fueron uno de los principales "motores" del negocio editorial en aquella epoca.
46) Nikola Vitov GUCETIC [Niccolo Vito de Gozze], Dello stato delle republiche, secondo la mente di Aristotele, Aldo Manuzio, Venecia, 1591, pp.
Rooms from PS60pn eating out Ristorante Piazza Repubblica Via Aldo Manuzio CLOSE to the large international hotels, the clientele tends to be cosmopolitan but the food is Italian, albeit with a French accent.
On the other hand, Aldine Press is an ironic reference to the Venetian printer Aldo Manuzio (1449-1515), the leading figure of his time in printing, publishing, and typography.
Ludouico Ariosto, i quali seguono la materia del [Orlando] Furioso (Venice: Aldo Manuzio, 1545) and Tasso (Gierusalemme liberate), as well as Spaniard Miguel de Cervantes (El ingenioso hidalgo don Quijote de la Mancha (1604)), wrote longer fictions that are universally acknowledged as being fundamentally important for the history of the novel but they also read and wrote sonnets.
Si debieron circular abundantemente las vulgatas latinas, tanto de la Moralia como de las Vidas, y es con toda probabilidad la edicion princeps de Aldo Manuzio, al menos para la Moralia, el texto griego que tuvieron con mayor facilidad a su alcance los estudiosos (31).
Al inicio se trataba de conservar el estilo de los copistas con una letra elegante, pero el humanista italiano Aldo Manuzio el Viejo introduce un formato de letra mas legible y el tamano del libro en octavo, lo cual los hacia mucho mas baratos.