The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the first anthology of Japanese poetry (second half of the eighth century), reflecting the transition from song to written poetry.

The Manyoshu consists of 20 scrolls and includes 4,516 poems, consisting of love lyrics, nature lyrics, odes, elegies, and verse on legendary, social, and everyday themes. The “short song,” or tanka, occupies a predominant place in the anthology. The Manyoshu includes such well-known poets as Kakinomoto no Hitomaro (late seventh and early eighth centuries), Yamabe no Akahito (first half of the eighth century), and Otomo no Yakamochi (718-785), as well as folk poetry. It has great importance as an early poetical work that laid the foundations for the entire subsequent development of Japanese poetry.


Manyoshu. In the series “Nihon koten bungaku taikei.” Toyko, 1958.
In Russian translation:
In Iaponskie piatistishiia. Moscow, 1971.
Man”esiu: Sobranie miriad list’ev, vols. 1-3. Introduction and commentary by A. E. Gluskina. Moscow, 1971-72.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The new era's name, which means "beautiful harmony," is derived from a Japanese text, Manyoshu, an anthology of Japanese poems dating back 1,200 years symbolizing the nation's "profound public culture and long tradition," Miwa said.
The name of the new era, Reiwa, means 'beautiful harmony.' This name was taken from the oldest existing poetry anthology 'Manyoshu' and it represents a culture being born and nurtured by people's hearts brought together in a beautiful manner.
It is the first time an era name has been taken from an old anthology of Japanese literature, the Manyoshu, compiled more than 1,200 years ago.
In 893, Emperor Uda of Japan compiled the Shinsen Manyoshu (an anthology of Japanese poems).
But for the first time in Japan's history, rather than borrowing from Chinese classical literature, the government has drawn from Japan's oldest known poetry book, called Manyoshu, originating from the first golden age of Japanese civilisation.
"This was taken from wording appearing in the Manyoshu: 'In this auspicious month of early spring, the weather is fine and the wind gentle.
The term 'Reiwa' was taken from 'Manyoshu', the oldest anthology of Japanese poems that was compiled about 1,200 years ago.
oldest poetry anthology "Manyoshu," compiled more than 1,200 years ago.
'Reiwa' is quoted from Japan's oldest poetry anthology 'Manyoshu,' compiled more than 1,200 years ago.
This name of the new era, "令和 (Reiwa)", comes from a passage of the "Manyoshu".
The name Reiwa, meaning peace, harmony and fortune, comes from an anthology of Japanese poems called "Manyoshu".
Suga also said that the new name was taken from Manyoshu, the oldest existing anthology of Japanese poetry.