Manzikert

Manzikert

(măn`zĭkərt), Turk. Malazgirt, village, E Turkey, SE of Erzurum. It was an important town of ancient Armenia. A council held there in A.D. 726 reasserted the independence of the Armenian Church from the Orthodox Eastern Church. There, in 1071, the Seljuk Turks under Alp ArslanAlp Arslan
, 1029–72, Seljuk sultan of Persia (1063–72). In 1065 he led the Seljuks in an invasion of Armenia and Georgia and in 1066 attacked the Byzantine Empire. The success of his campaign was crowned (1071) by his brilliant victory over Romanus IV at Manzikert.
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 routed the troops of Byzantine Emperor Romanus IVRomanus IV
(Romanus Diogenes) , d. 1072, Byzantine emperor (1068–71). A Cappadocian general, he succeeded Constantine X by marrying his widow, Eudocia Macrembolitissa.
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 in a decisive battle that resulted in the fall of Asia Minor to the Seljuks.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Manzikert

 

a fortress in Asia Minor (near Lake Van, on the eastern boundary of the Byzantine Empire), at whose walls a battle occurred on Aug. 19, 1071, between the armies of the Byzantine emperor Romanus IV Diogenes and the Seljuk sultan Alp Arslan.

At first the Byzantines succeeded in pressing the Seljuks, but then, as a result of sedition among the Byzantine troops (betrayal by the Ducas clique, which was hostile to the emperor), the army of Romanus IV was defeated, and he himself was taken prisoner (he was released on condition that he pay an annual tribute). The Victory at Manzikert hastened the establishment of Seljuk dominance in Asia Minor.

REFERENCES

Istoriia Vizantii, vol. 2. Moscow, 1967. Pages 284-87.
Guseinov, R. A. “Posledstviia srazheniia pri Mantsikerte (1071) dlia Zakavkaz’ia.” In the collection Vizantiiskii vremennik, vol. 29. Moscow, 1969.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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