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An early symbolic mathematics system.

[A. Rom, Celest Mech 1:309-319 (1969)].



(Moscow Architectural Society), the first association of architects and civil engineers in Russia. It was founded in 1867. Its first chairman was M. D. Bykovskii; subsequent chairmen were F. O. Shekhtel’ (1906-22) and A. V. Shchusev (1922-32).

MAO concerned itself with theoretical problems of architecture and civil engineering and was not involved in any actual construction. The organization initiated the systematic study of ancient Russian architecture and was concerned with the preservation and restoration of architectural monuments. MAO instituted architectural competitions in Russia (1868), initiated congresses of architects, and organized the first architectural exhibition in Russia (1872, part of the All-Russian Polytechnic Exhibition). Beginning in 1922, MAO primarily organized competitions, panel discussions, and lectures.

The association was disbanded in 1932 in connection with the creation of the Union of Soviet Architects. Its publications were Zapiski MAO (Notes of the MAO, 1905-09), Ezhegodnik MAO (MAO Yearbook, 1909-16, 1928-30), and Konkursy MAO: 1923-1926 gg. (MAO Competitions: 1923-1926, 1926).


Khazanova, V. E. Sovetskaia arkhitektura pervykh let Oktiabria: 1917-1925 gg. Moscow, 1970.
Khazanova, V. E. Iz istorii sovetskoi arkhitektury: 1926-1932 gg. Dokumenty i materialy. Tvorcheskie ob”edineniia. Moscow, 1970.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, Qiaoshi also discusses Mao's career, but contrary to the laudatory tones in all four of the works discussed above, Qiaoshi represents Mao in a relatively negative light.
Through eating these noodles we can be happy, they express long life and our love for Chairman Mao, who is great," said a 63-year-old woman surnamed Ding, after tucking into a steaming bowl, adding that Mao "defeated Japanese imperialism".
The SEM images of the MAO coatings on different locations of the foams are shown in Fig.
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Mao pointed out that the number of tourist arrivals to Taiwan will grow further this year, thanks to the new air rights, increased flights, and the expansion of the sources of Chinese free individual travelers to 11 cities.
At the conclusion of WW II, Mao renamed his forces the "People's Liberation Army", PLA.
The successful completion of 50 years in Delhi by Mao Nagas reflects the fact that the gap between the northeast and the rest of the country is steadily being bridged.
Mao purged his designated successors, Liu Shaoqi and Lin Biao, and all others who might oppose him or his plans.
Le corollaire de cette croyance en la revolution par les masses est la priorite donnee par Mao au bouleversement des relations sociales sur les forces de production comme moteur du developpement economique.
With Mao as the absolute leader, the Cultural Revolution felt more like a religious or cult movement than a political or cultural one.
Mao remained resentful both of this hesitation and of the fact that Stalin dealt with the People's Republic of China (PRC) as with a subordinate power.
By Barbara DemickSHAOSHAN, ChinaAuYou canAAEt help but wonder whether Mao Zedong would be rolling over in his mausoleum if he could hear the ka-ching