Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Acronyms, Wikipedia.


An early symbolic mathematics system.

[A. Rom, Celest Mech 1:309-319 (1969)].
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Moscow Architectural Society), the first association of architects and civil engineers in Russia. It was founded in 1867. Its first chairman was M. D. Bykovskii; subsequent chairmen were F. O. Shekhtel’ (1906-22) and A. V. Shchusev (1922-32).

MAO concerned itself with theoretical problems of architecture and civil engineering and was not involved in any actual construction. The organization initiated the systematic study of ancient Russian architecture and was concerned with the preservation and restoration of architectural monuments. MAO instituted architectural competitions in Russia (1868), initiated congresses of architects, and organized the first architectural exhibition in Russia (1872, part of the All-Russian Polytechnic Exhibition). Beginning in 1922, MAO primarily organized competitions, panel discussions, and lectures.

The association was disbanded in 1932 in connection with the creation of the Union of Soviet Architects. Its publications were Zapiski MAO (Notes of the MAO, 1905-09), Ezhegodnik MAO (MAO Yearbook, 1909-16, 1928-30), and Konkursy MAO: 1923-1926 gg. (MAO Competitions: 1923-1926, 1926).


Khazanova, V. E. Sovetskaia arkhitektura pervykh let Oktiabria: 1917-1925 gg. Moscow, 1970.
Khazanova, V. E. Iz istorii sovetskoi arkhitektury: 1926-1932 gg. Dokumenty i materialy. Tvorcheskie ob”edineniia. Moscow, 1970.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the transition area west and north of Tongo you will find people living together in the same village and speaking dialects of the same language, but attributing themselves either to Mao or to Komo, as well as people being summarised as Komo in spite of speaking different languages.
Mao's message seemed almost made for the turbulence of black militancy that gained traction after the assassinations of Malcolm X and Dr Martin Luther King Jnr." In 1963, Mao declared that the Af- rican-American rights movement was part of the global struggle against im- perialism.
Bianco modifies this view somewhat when he considers the Cultural Revolution (1966-69), Mao's last-ditch attempt to rid the Party of bureaucratic revisionists and restore it to a state of purity under his helmsmanship.
A villager who currently works in Preah Sihanouk province, [saw him] and told me of his whereabouts,' Mao said.
After the abrupt loss of her husband, San Mao returned to Taipei, where she taught several years at her alma mater before devoting her time to writing and translating.
Akin to Confucius's concept of ritual action and Mao's circulation of his own image and quotations, the U.S.
Mao next follows Lenin in suggesting that contradiction is universal:
Mao (1893-1976), the father of Cultural Revolution and Great Leap Forward (1958-1962), played an important role in the Chinese economic development.
Mao's response to this event was influenced by his social and political philosophy, and his revolutionary aspirations.
Xi has published a book about his experiences as a young man sent to the countryside under Mao in order to become a better Communist.
MAO ceramic layers grown on the surface of aluminum and its alloy are usually divided into two regions [5].