Maqam


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Maqam

 

a scale in Arab and Iranian professional music. It is related to the makoms in Tadzhik and Uzbek music, the mugams in Azerbaijani music, and the mukams in Uigur music.

The classical system is comprised of 12 maqams, the names of which stem from musical characteristics (nawa, “the melodious scale”; buzurg, “major scale”), localities (the iraq, isfahan, and hijazi scales), and other sources. The maqams are diatonic scales of seven tones, with intervals of large and small half-tones and large and small whole-tones. According to the theoretical works of Safi al-Din (13th century), the classical 12 maqams form part of a complex 84-scale system based on the combination of seven types of tetrachord (a four-tone chord) with 12 types of pentachord (a five-tone chord). The maqams are the scalar base for one-part vocal and instrumental works composed by professional musicians; these works are highly developed in terms of intonation, melody, and composition.

References in periodicals archive ?
During his visit, the star visited Morocco's artists' residence of Al Maqam (outside of Marrakesh), where he energetically danced in traditional dress to the traditional rhythms of Gnawa.
Swissotel Hotels & Resorts announced that it has entered into an agreement with Sarah Towers For Real Estate Investment Company to manage the 1,624-room Swissotel Al Maqam, Makkah in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
"More than 22 thousand Norwegian soldiers have served in Lebanon for many years," the Norwegian diplomat said during a meeting with the Qaem Maqam of Marjeyoun, Wissam Hayek.
He and his ensemble are back in Lebanon for Thursday evening's "Sufi Masters, Muwashahat Legends," an evening of maqam music at the Beiteddine Art Festival.
The AHS centres that provide dermatology services in Abu Dhabi include: Al Shamkha, Baniyas, Al Maqt, Al Samha, Khalifa City A, Al Shahama, Madinat Mohammed bin Zayed, Al Khaleej, Al Maqam, Al Muwaiji and Mezyed.
The resort operates safaris and overnight excursions and houses an oasis style pool, an indoor-outdoor traditional'Al Maqam' restaurant, which means 'The Gathering Place', and a souk selling local handmade crafts.
Lately, dozens of settlers stormed (Maqam Yousef) Joseph tomb, in the town of Balata east of Nablus city, under heavy protection of the Israeli Army, where also clashes took place with the troops who fired tear gas, concussion bombs rubber bullets towards the activists.
MAqam Ensemble, a group of musicians drawn from the Philharmonic led by co-principal second violinist MAias Alyamani, will perform a selection of pieces with its contemporary take on Arabic musical idioms.The concert is the first of a recurring series of Qatar Philharmonic musicians in chamber music at the Museum.
-- The band Maqam performed a concert on Wednesday evening at the Art House in Damascus, presenting music combining various classical and modern styles of eastern and western music.
Among the kidnapped, it was reported to Aswat al-Iraq, are three brothers; the first is a mosque Imam, the second is a candidate for the post of Rutba Qa'im Maqam (administrative post) and the third is a lawyer.
One of the few female Maqam singers in the world, she will be backed by the Iraqi Maqam Ensemble, led by her husband and Djosar player Mohammad H Gomar.
Through Al-Urmawi, he produced Psalms CD in2006 and Bridge CD in 2008, he is currently working on his comprehensive music book titled The Guide to oriental Maqam , and preparing for his 4th CD.