Marées, Hans Von

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Marées, Hans Von

 

Born Dec. 24, 1837, in Elberfeld, North Rhine-Westphalia; died June 5, 1887, in Rome. German painter.

Marées studied with K. Steffeck in Berlin in 1854 and 1855. Having lived in Italy from 1864 to 1870, he settled there permanently in 1873. Under the influence of Italian Renaissance art, Marees painted murals and sought to achieve lifelike representations (frescoes in the Zoological Station in Naples, 1873-74). He shared the aesthetic views of A. Hildebrand and K. Fiedler (neo-idealism), seeking to embody the dream of the “golden age” of humanity in allegorical images and to invest his works with expressive, purely plastic elements (The Golden Age, two versions, 1879-85, New Pinakothek, Munich).

Marées’s subsequent triptych cycles on mythological themes are marked by clearly arranged masses, rhythmical forms, and rather bright colors; their two-dimensional and linear compositions anticipated art nouveau painting. The artist’s striving for an abstract artistic ideal, based on associations with classical art, introduced elements of cold abstractness into his works (The Judgment of Paris, 1880-81, National Gallery, Berlin; The Hesperides, 1884-87, New Pinakothek, Munich).

REFERENCES

Kuttner, E. Hans von Marees. Dresden [1958].
Einem, H. von. Hans von Marees. Munich, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.