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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
in North African countries:
(1) Muslim saint; also, leader or founder of a religious brother-hood of the Dervish order.
(2) More broadly, a Muslim monk, member of a religious brotherhood; the same as “dervish.”
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.