Marabouts


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Marabouts

(mâr`əbo͞ots) [Arab.,=devotee hermit], members of a Muslim religious and military community, precursors of the AlmoravidsAlmoravids
, Berber Muslim dynasty that ruled Morocco and Muslim Spain in the 11th and 12th cent. The Almoravids may have originated in what is now Mauritania. The real founder was Abd Allah ibn Yasin, who by military force converted a number of Saharan tribes to his own
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. They spread from NW Africa into Spain in the 11th and 12th cent. The Marabouts later became known as holy men and were greatly venerated as saints. They now live in monasteries or are attached to mosques. Their tombs, also called Marabouts, are often places of pilgrimage.
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The marabouts waged war to wrest control of land from the old elites, such as the 'Manneh, Jammeh, Sonko, Bojang' (p.
Sous l'influence de l'extremisme religieux et de la presence djihadiste, l'importance des interpretes traditionnels de reves, des devineresses et des marabouts, dont l'autorite et l'emprise sur les populations sont notoires, s'est recemment resorbee.
(44) Ansaroul Islam founder Dicko was able to challenge long-established and prevailing hegemony of the traditional aristocracy represented by customary chiefs and marabout families (p) through sermons focused on equality and brotherhood and questioning the stratification of nobles, clerics, and serfs--in particular the subdivisions within Soum's majority ethnic group, the Fulani.
This blending of traditional and biomedical was also apparent within the services accessed, for example certain Marabouts were reported to actively encourage pregnant women to access formal antenatal services.
L'islamisation de l'espace ouest-africain s'est faite quelques siecles avant les conquetes coloniales, par l'installation aux cours des souverains de cette region de quelques savants et erudits mystiques, nommes dans le langage populaire marabouts. Par leur intermediaire et sous leur influence, ces Serigne (moitie hommes, moitie saints) ont reussi en moins d'une generation a convertir a l'islam la plupart de la noblesse ouest-africaine.
(46) Marty lo describe como el marabout mas importante de la region Saloum, (47) debido a su influencia en la poblacion, lo que le granjeo numerosos enemigos, entre ellos a Mandiay Ba, rey del Saloum, y a los funcionarios de la administracion colonial francesa.
Il s'agit d'abord du projet de protection des sites saints en danger, projet qui a vocation a identifier le lien entre les marabouts et la protection de la nature et la sauvegarde de la culture en aidant a faire en sorte que ces sites et les valeurs qu'ils portent soient conserves.
Les memes sources redoutent dans cet evenement le debut d'une discorde a caractere confessionnel, surtout que la Libye a connu dans les annees 2012-2013 des attaques contre les Marabouts et les Tombes des Saints, lesquelles attaques sont attribuees aux extremistes religieux Wahabites.
While in Senegal, I heard a word: marabout. It was spoken witha French-African accent: "mah-rah-boo." Though mostlymale, there are female marabouts, too, people who act as spiritualdiviners and healers.
An LP by the group, titled Wahabia ke-dashi, was released in the mid-70s, but because the title track criticized some hypocritical marabouts (religious leaders), the album stirred controversy and was banned from airplay, contributing to the stifling of the band's opportunities for greater success.
Chapter 21, "Corsairs," describes the departure rituals of corsair ships, which would seek blessings from the Muslim holy men known as marabouts, and then consulta horoscope known as the Libra de presagios.
Par exemple, la plupart des groupes mystiques, ainsi que plusieurs pratiques qui etaient consacrees a la celebration des marabouts. Il faut penser notamment aux processions, aux sacrifices des animaux et a l'entretien des mausolees abritant ces Saints.