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(märägä`), city (1991 pop. 117,388), East Azerbaijan prov., NW Iran, on the southern slopes of Mt. Sahand. It is the trade and transportation center of a fertile fruit-growing region; dried fruits are shipped from there. After the Arab conquest in the 7th cent. Maragheh developed rapidly as a provincial capital. In 1029 it was seized by the Oghuz Turks, but they were driven out by a Kurdish chief who established a local dynasty. The city was destroyed by the Mongols in 1221, but Hulagu Khan held court there until the establishment of a fixed capital at Tabriz. The city was temporarily occupied by Russia in 1828. Maragheh's celebrated observatory (13th cent.) is now in ruins. The city is also known as Maragha.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Maragah), a city in northwestern Iran in the province of Azarbaijan-e Khavari (East Azerbaijan). Population, 56,000 (1971); railroad station.

Maragheh is the center of a vinicultural and fruit-growing region. Dried fruits are produced (primarily raisins for export). There is also a wood products industry. Coal and marble are mined nearby.

Maragheh is an ancient city; the exact date of its founding has not been established. It was destroyed by the Mongols in 1221. The city was the residence of the first rulers of the Hulagu dynasty. In the second half of the 13th century the Maragheh Observatory was built under the supervision of Nasr al-Din al-Tusi. Noteworthy monuments in Maragheh include a number of tomb towers: one constructed in 1168, Gonbad-e Sorkh (1148), Gonbad-e Kabud (or Gok-Giinbez, 1197), and Gonbad-e Sharaffiya (1328). There are also remnants of the observatory (1260). Maragheh has for a long time been famous for its production of morocco leather and rugs.


Godard, A. “Les Monuments de Maragha.” Publications de la Societe des etudes iraniennes et de l’art person, Paris, 1934, no. 9.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
He vainly circled about among the hill roads and in the afternoon took the steep grade over the divide of the second range and dropped into Maraga Valley.
Speaking while launching the five-year strategic plan in Nairobi, Chief Justice David Maraga noted that providing legal information for public consumption and understanding paves the way for the promotion of the rule of law and accelerating justice.
Protesters on Thursday stormed Chief Justice David Maraga's meeting at the Sarova Whitesands in Mombasa.
JERUSALEM, Tuesday, March 05, 2019 (WAFA) -- The Israeli authorities issued warrants against the Maraga family, demanding that they evict their property in Baten Al-Hawa neighborhood in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Silwan.
Kenya's Chief Justice David Maraga has criticised the government for not following court orders to release Mr Miguna on bail.
Chief Justice David Maraga said not enough of the court's seven judges were available to hear the case.
A Rachuonyo resident wants Chief Justice David Maraga removed over loss of public funds for renting premises for the Court of Appeal which were never used.
The Law Society of Kenya has offered to lead the dialogue to resolve the standoff between the National Assembly and Senate over the Division of Revenue Bill.Chief Executive Officer Mercy Wambua on Thursday told the Nation that they are ready to help the parties reach an out of court settlement as was advised by Chief Justice David Maraga.
'We only have four courts in extremely remote areas which have neither electricity nor internet connectivity but we aim to have them connected in the course of this financial year,' Chief Justice David Maraga said on Monday.
The exercise started as a closed-door affair after Chief Justice David Maraga kicked the media out of the boardroom where the interviews are being held.
Chief Justice David Maraga has asked Kenyans to consider for the Alternative Dispute Resolution as mechanisms in solving their disagreements.
Chief Justice David Maraga suspended Kiambu Principal Magistrate Brian Khaemba on Thursday following recommendations by the Judiciary Ombudsman.