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(märägä`), city (1991 pop. 117,388), East Azerbaijan prov., NW Iran, on the southern slopes of Mt. Sahand. It is the trade and transportation center of a fertile fruit-growing region; dried fruits are shipped from there. After the Arab conquest in the 7th cent. Maragheh developed rapidly as a provincial capital. In 1029 it was seized by the Oghuz Turks, but they were driven out by a Kurdish chief who established a local dynasty. The city was destroyed by the Mongols in 1221, but Hulagu Khan held court there until the establishment of a fixed capital at Tabriz. The city was temporarily occupied by Russia in 1828. Maragheh's celebrated observatory (13th cent.) is now in ruins. The city is also known as Maragha.



(Maragah), a city in northwestern Iran in the province of Azarbaijan-e Khavari (East Azerbaijan). Population, 56,000 (1971); railroad station.

Maragheh is the center of a vinicultural and fruit-growing region. Dried fruits are produced (primarily raisins for export). There is also a wood products industry. Coal and marble are mined nearby.

Maragheh is an ancient city; the exact date of its founding has not been established. It was destroyed by the Mongols in 1221. The city was the residence of the first rulers of the Hulagu dynasty. In the second half of the 13th century the Maragheh Observatory was built under the supervision of Nasr al-Din al-Tusi. Noteworthy monuments in Maragheh include a number of tomb towers: one constructed in 1168, Gonbad-e Sorkh (1148), Gonbad-e Kabud (or Gok-Giinbez, 1197), and Gonbad-e Sharaffiya (1328). There are also remnants of the observatory (1260). Maragheh has for a long time been famous for its production of morocco leather and rugs.


Godard, A. “Les Monuments de Maragha.” Publications de la Societe des etudes iraniennes et de l’art person, Paris, 1934, no. 9.
References in periodicals archive ?
SANA reporter in Aleppo said that the explosion of an explosive device from the remnants of terrorist organizations in Maraghah village on Khanaser axis in the southern countryside caused the injury of five workers of the electricity company workshops while they were mending the electric power transmission lines in the area.
In time, the heliocentric model was perfected by one of the greatest scientists of all time, the Prussian-born Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543), who, most likely, borrowed the concept from Ibn Al Shatir as well as scientists who formed the Maraghah school, led by the great Nasri Al Deen Al Tusi and aACAyAli Al Qushji.
By the 13th century, the Maraghah School -- an observatory in Maraghah (today in Iran), which, under the leadership of Al Tusi, was then the largest such facility in the world, consisting of a series of buildings occupying an area of 150 metres in width and 350 metres in length -- was fully engaged in correcting Ptolemy.
Copernicus used several of the devices developed by the Maraghah astronomers, including Al Tusi (1201-1274), Mu'ayyad Al Deen Al aACAyUrdi (died 1266), Qutb Al Deen Al Shirazi (1236-1311), Ibn Al Shatir (1304-1375) and, of course, Al Qushji.
Then there was the discovery of the School of Maraghah, the great astronomical school.
The works of the School of Maraghah in astronomy, of Kamal al-Din al-Farisi in optics, of al-Kashi in algebra, of al-Yazdi at the beginning of the seventeenth century and many others show that this all-embracing "thesis" explains nothing.