Marais

Marais

(märā`) [Fr.,=swamp], old quarter of Paris, on the right bank of the Seine. Until the 18th cent. it was the most aristocratic section of Paris. The Hôtel des Tournelles, long the residence of the kings of France (Henry II was killed in its court during a joust), was replaced with the Place des Vosges. The Marais park, surrounded by uniform houses in pink brick and gray slate, remains a perfect ensemble of 17th-century architecture. Nearby is the Carnavalet, once the home of Mme de Sévigné, which now houses the municipal museum of Paris. During the 19th cent. it became a ghetto area for Jewish refugees from E Europe. Since 1969 a major restoration program has been underway, including the renovation of several museums, mansions, and hotels, such as the 17th. cent. Hotel Sully.

Marais

 

or Plaine, the name given by contemporaries to the group of deputies that formed the majority in the National Convention during the Great French Revolution. The Marais did not join any of the contesting political groups but followed the one that was the strongest at the given moment. The most visible leaders of the Marais were Sieyès, Thibaudeau, and Barras. The Marais at first supported the Girondists in the convention and then the Jacobins; during the period of the split in the Jacobin bloc (March 1794) they supported Robespierre. During the Revolution of Thermidor (July 27–28, 1794), the Marais went over to the side of the counterrevolutionary conspirators. The deputies of the Marais enjoyed great influence in the Thermidor Convention. The name “Marais” later became attached to political groups whose behavior is characterized by vacillation, indecision, and the inclination to avoid battle.

References in classic literature ?
"The count has only been two or three days in Paris, but he already knows what a fashionable woman of the Marais is, and if he does not, you will show him."
In those days the Cafe Ture was the rendezvous of the fashionable society of the Marais, the faubourg Saint-Antoine, and the circumjacent regions.
The young man with whom Rabourdin was talking was a poor supernumerary named Sebastien de la Roche, who had picked his way on the points of his toes, without incurring the least splash upon his boots, from the rue du Roi-Dore in the Marais. He talked of his mamma, and dared not raise his eyes to Madame Rabourdin, whose house appeared to him as gorgeous as the Louvre.
Jeremiah, and Billings and Buddha walk together, side by side, right behind a crowd from planets not in our astronomy; next come a dozen or two from Jupiter and other worlds; next come Daniel, and Sakka and Confucius; next a lot from systems outside of ours; next come Ezekiel, and Mahomet, Zoroaster, and a knife-grinder from ancient Egypt; then there is a long string, and after them, away down toward the bottom, come Shakespeare and Homer, and a shoemaker named Marais, from the back settlements of France."
Summary: Dubai [UAE], Aug 31 (ANI): International Cricket Council (ICC) on Saturday appointed Marais Erasmus, Ruchira Palliyaguruge, and Kumar Dharmasena as the officiating umpires for the fourth and fifth Ashes Test between England and Australia.
Marais Erasmus and Ruchira Palliyaguruge will join Kumar Dharmasena as the officiating umpires.
MEC Anroux Marais engaged with youth development programmes creating a positive sense of belonging and sustainable empowerment as an alternate to the social ills plaguing the communities of Athlone, Bellville and the greater City of Cape Town.
Mairwen Owen, 44, and Lynne Marais, 39, struck at the Reeves store in Pwllheli (pictured inset) late at night.
Julanda Marais left her hometown of Stellenbosch, South Africa and went into hospitality with the promise of being paid to travel the world.
(NYSE: WFC) has said that it has appointed Nico Marais as chief executive officer and head of Wells Fargo Asset Management (WFAM), effective immediately.
"The 16-screen cinema, family entertainment and dining experience will be one of a kind in the UAE and is set to be the ultimate destination for families," said Louwrens Marais, general manager at Wafi Property.
Gichi Bitobig, Grand Marais: Early Accounts of the Anishinaabeg and the North Shore Fur Trade