Maranhão

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Related to Maranhao: Maranhão, Rio Grande do Norte

Maranhão

(mərənyouN`), state (1996 pop. 5,218,442), 126,897 sq mi (328,663 sq km), NE Brazil, on the Atlantic Ocean. The capital is São LuísSão Luís
, city (1996 pop. 781,068), capital of Maranhão state, NE Brazil. It is a port city located on São Luís Island in São Marcos Bay of the Atlantic Ocean.
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 (also known as Maranhão). Agriculture and livestock remain central to the economy of the region, which has been the site of major agricultural and industrial colonization projects since the 1970s. Industries now include steel manufacture and food processing. Brazil operates a satellite launch facility at Alcântara in N Maranhão. Maranhão had long been inhabited by the Tupinambás when the Portuguese established the first European settlement there in 1534.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Maranhão

 

a state in northeastern Brazil. Area, 328,700 sq km. Population, 3 million (1970). The administrative center is São Luís. Maranhao occupies the northern slopes of the Brazilian Highlands, which are covered with savannas, and a coastal lowland with equatorial rain forests. The economy is based on land cultivation and cattle-raising, with land cultivation being the main branch. Long-staple cotton, sugarcane, cocoa, and coffee are grown on plantations. In the valleys of the main rivers the fruit of the babassu palm (82 percent of the country’s harvest in 1970) and the wax of the carnauba palm are gathered. Live-stock is raised in the savannas; in 1970 there were 2.3 million head of cattle, 800,000 goats, and 3.9 million hogs. Maranhao also has cotton and sugar industries. Seaports include São Luís and Icatu.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The authors would like to thank the State University of Maranhao (UEMA) and the University of Sao Paulo (USP), the National Academic Cooperation Program (I-PROCAD Amazon), the Foundation for Research Support of the State of Maranhao (FAPEMA) and CAPES for their grant in current research.
it have sprouted up in recent years to meet a rising tide of illegal logging that is decimating protected woodlands in the eastern Amazonian state of Maranhao, including the 1,600-square-mile Arariboia Indigenous Land.
Salgado Maranhao has won numerous Brazilian poetry prizes, including the Premio Jabuti twice.
Securities and Exchange Commission, affirmed the Long-Term Issuer Default Rating of the Brazilian state of Maranhao (IDR) at 'BB-'.
Archer Daniels Midland announced that it has reached an agreement to purchase certain assets of Brazil-based Algar Agro, including oilseeds processing facilities in Uberlandia in the state of Minas Gerais, and Porto Franco in Maranhao. Under the terms of the deal, ADM will become owner of integrated crush and oil refining/bottling facilities in Uberlandia and Porto Franco.
(4) Instituto Federal do Maranhao (IFMA)--Sao Luis (MA), Brasil.