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(mərä`tē), language belonging to the Indic group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. See Indo-IranianIndo-Iranian,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by more than a billion people, chiefly in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table).
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one of the national languages of India.

Marathi is spoken mainly in the state of Maharashtra by approximately 47 million people (1971, estimate). Marathi be-longs to the Indie group of the Indo-European language family. Marathi has two principal dialects: Deshi and Konkani. The latter is known as northern, or standard Konkani, as opposed to southern Konkani, an independent language, closely related to Marathi, which is spoken in Goa.

The modern Marathi literary language is based on Deshi. Marathi uses the Devanagari writing system. The grammatical structure, vocabulary, and phonetics of Marathi have features that associate Marathi with the Dravidian languages. A specific feature of Marathi phonetics is the presence of two affricate variants: apicodorsal affricates (as in the Telugu language) and mediolingual dorsal affricates. Marathi morphology makes use of agglutinative, inflectional, and analytic forms. Marathi has preserved three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. A specific feature of the syntax is the widespread use of participial constructions to express subordinating relations (as in the Dravidian languages). The Marathi vocabulary is characterized by a considerable number of “local” everyday words (in Deshi) of non-Indo-Aryan origin (Dravidian, Munda, Mon-Khmer).


Katenina, T. E. Ocherk grammatiki iazyka maratkhi. Moscow, 1963.
Lambert, H. M. Marathi Language Course. Calcutta, 1943.
Vaze, S. G. The Aryabhushan School Dictionary: Marathi-English. Poona, 1963.
Mone, M. S. Mara fhr vyaka ran. Poona, 1959.
Bloch, J. The Formation of the Marathi Language. Delhi, 1970. (Translated from French.)


References in periodicals archive ?
The courtroom drama was released on around 150 screens in April and it features Marathi stage actress Geetanjali Kulkarni and Vivek Gomber.
So I went to see his Marathi play, a comedy called Hands Up, in which he was paired opposite the legendary Bhakti Bharve.
Upset with the move, locals re-erected the signboard on Sunday, after which the police resorted to lathi charge as they protested against the removal of a Marathi signboard.
From building a dedicated website for the movie to promoting it with the help of various methods, it does everything to make new Marathi movies popular among the masses.
After founding Shiv Sena in 1966, Thackeray targeted not the Gujaratis of big business, but those, such as south Indians, seen to be taking jobs from the ethnic Marathis who felt left behind by economic development.
In chapter 6 Dhere argues controversially that, based on descriptions of Vitthal in Sanskrit mahatmysa and Marathi bhakti poetry, the most original image of Vitthal stands not in the main temple in Pandharpur but in the nearby town of Madhe, where the original image was perhaps taken for safekeeping in the fifteenth to seventeenth centuries.
Delegates will also hear from inspirational people from the global Marathi community, including Krushnaa Patil, the first Indian woman to conquer the world's seven summits.
Suspected MNS activists went on a rampage at various multiplexes here last week demanding prime-time slot for Marathi movies.
The English translation by Maya Pandit is quite successful in bringing out the ethnic flavor of the Marathi original.
Yet, it is also striking that fifty years after winning Maharashtra state for the Marathi- speaking people, he and his followers are still complaining about the plight of the Marathi manoos.
It was the British who Anglicised the Portuguese spelling Bombaim (which the Portuguese still call it) to Bombay - but to Marathi and Gujarati-speakers it has long been known as Mumbai.
The 1913 centennial report of the American Marathi Mission in India included a large photo with the caption "Samuel B.