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(mərä`tē), language belonging to the Indic group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. See Indo-IranianIndo-Iranian,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by more than a billion people, chiefly in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



one of the national languages of India.

Marathi is spoken mainly in the state of Maharashtra by approximately 47 million people (1971, estimate). Marathi be-longs to the Indie group of the Indo-European language family. Marathi has two principal dialects: Deshi and Konkani. The latter is known as northern, or standard Konkani, as opposed to southern Konkani, an independent language, closely related to Marathi, which is spoken in Goa.

The modern Marathi literary language is based on Deshi. Marathi uses the Devanagari writing system. The grammatical structure, vocabulary, and phonetics of Marathi have features that associate Marathi with the Dravidian languages. A specific feature of Marathi phonetics is the presence of two affricate variants: apicodorsal affricates (as in the Telugu language) and mediolingual dorsal affricates. Marathi morphology makes use of agglutinative, inflectional, and analytic forms. Marathi has preserved three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. A specific feature of the syntax is the widespread use of participial constructions to express subordinating relations (as in the Dravidian languages). The Marathi vocabulary is characterized by a considerable number of “local” everyday words (in Deshi) of non-Indo-Aryan origin (Dravidian, Munda, Mon-Khmer).


Katenina, T. E. Ocherk grammatiki iazyka maratkhi. Moscow, 1963.
Lambert, H. M. Marathi Language Course. Calcutta, 1943.
Vaze, S. G. The Aryabhushan School Dictionary: Marathi-English. Poona, 1963.
Mone, M. S. Mara fhr vyaka ran. Poona, 1959.
Bloch, J. The Formation of the Marathi Language. Delhi, 1970. (Translated from French.)


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ? does not work exclusively for Marathi movies only.
In chapter 6 Dhere argues controversially that, based on descriptions of Vitthal in Sanskrit mahatmysa and Marathi bhakti poetry, the most original image of Vitthal stands not in the main temple in Pandharpur but in the nearby town of Madhe, where the original image was perhaps taken for safekeeping in the fifteenth to seventeenth centuries.
Delegates will also hear from inspirational people from the global Marathi community, including Krushnaa Patil, the first Indian woman to conquer the world's seven summits.
19, saying new Marathi schools would not be granted recognition by the
This might sound like a strange admission from a "Marathi" writer, and I anticipate the inevitable question: why, then, do I write in Marathi?
Mumbai: Bollywood dancing diva Madhuri Dixit is all set to make her debut in a Marathi film.
The party has organised various events at the Lalit Kala Ground at Naigaon, including exhibition of over five lakh books, Marathi Kavi Sammelan and performing folk arts that includes Lavani.
Ernst & Young is the official tabulator of the NT Awards 2014.IBN-Lokmat won 15awards in different Marathi categories.
Shah Rukh Khan will now enter into the Marathi film industry with director Rohit Shetty.
17 -- Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) chief Raj Thackeray on Monday met Marathi producers and directors and urged them to attempt new and different kinds of subjects to bring back Marathi audiences to the cinema halls.
He was a distinguished Marathi and English poet, critic and translator, filmmaker and my friend.