Marathon


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Marathon

(mâr`əthŏn), village and plain, ancient Greece, 20 mi (32 km) NE of Athens. Here the Athenians and Plataeans under MiltiadesMiltiades
, d. 489 B.C., Athenian general who commanded at Marathon. He succeeded his uncle as ruler (c.524 B.C.) of an Athenian dependency in the Gallipoli Peninsula. He accompanied (c.513) Darius in the Persian expedition into Scythia.
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 defeated a Persian army in 490 B.C. (see Persian WarsPersian Wars,
500 B.C.–449 B.C., series of conflicts fought between Greek states and the Persian Empire. The writings of Herodotus, who was born c.484 B.C., are the great source of knowledge of the history of the wars.
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).

Marathon

 

an ancient Greek settlement on a plain of the same name in Attica (40 km northeast of Athens), in the vicinity of which a battle occurred on Sept. 13, 490 B.C., during the Greco-Persian Wars.

The Greek forces (11,000) were formed into a phalanx by the military leader Miltiades at the entrance to the Marathon valley; as a defense against a flanking movement by the Persian cavalry the strengthened flanks of the phalanx were protected by forested mountain spurs and abatis that were brought out in front. The Greeks attacked the Persians (about 20,000), who had landed by ship, with a “running march,” but they were counterattacked by Persian infantry bowmen, who broke through the weak center of the Greek phalanx. At the same time the strong elite detachments of Greeks overran the Persian cavalry and light infantry on the flanks and then defeated the Persian infantry in the center. Since the Greeks interrupted their pursuit of the Persians fleeing to the shore in order to bury their dead (192 men), the Persians managed to board their ships and sail to sea. At Marathon, Greek hoplites, moving in phalanx formation, defeated the more numerous but less organized and cohesive Persian Army.

marathon

modern races, more than 26 miles, commemorate feat of Pheidippides. [World Sports: Benét, 633]

Marathon

plain near Athens where Greeks defeated Persians in 490 B.C. [Gk. Hist.: Benét, 633]
See: Battle

marathon

a race on foot of 26 miles 385 yards (42.195 kilometres): an event in the modern Olympics

Marathon

a plain in Attica northeast of Athens: site of a victory of the Athenians and Plataeans over the Persians (490 bc)
References in periodicals archive ?
The first event, supported by Scottish Athletics and Stirling Council, will take place on May 21, 2017, and organisers' ambition is for the Stirling Scottish Marathon to become the leading marathon in the country within three years.
"Training for a marathon requires planning, preparation and dedication." Hollinshead, himself a Brummie, said they expected a large number of people who had done the Great Birmingham Run to move up a distance and do the inaugural marathon.
Current Cardiff University/ Cardiff Half Marathon champion Ben Siwa (Uganda) is only the fifth-fastest man in the field, such is the depth of 2016's race and he is joined by last year's second-place finisher Gideon Kimosop.
Andy White, Joint Race Organiser commented: "We came up with the idea to introduce the metric marathon to this year's event to give even more people the opportunity to get involved.
"The ystanbul Half Marathon, like ystanbul itself, will be brought to the world's agenda with the help of sponsorship," he added, in reference to the main sponsor, Vodafone.
"I didn't think there could be anything tougher than the last really cold one, the Antarctic Ice Marathon, but this beat it.
"Since there are multiple challenges one has to go through, the task was difficult and this whole marathon is called as the cruellest marathon of the world," Kasodekar told ANI.
For the past five years we have been working actively to attract the youngest generation to the Riga Marathon. Going forward, we will continue what we started, ensuring that we work together to inspire Latvian families to maintain a healthy and active lifestyle."
"One of the key objectives would be to have full marathon teams at future Commonwealth Games, starting in Birmingham in 2022.
Tanui said the winner in London Marathon pockets Sh5.5 million ($ 55,000), which is not far from what they are paying.
I'll be doing the @TokyoMarathon_E marathon in 2020!