Marbut, Curtis (Fletcher)(1863–1935) soil scientist, geographer; born in Lawrence County, Mo. After receiving his M.A. from Harvard (1894), he taught geology at the University of Missouri (1895–1913). As chief of the U.S. Soil Survey (1913–33), he developed an international standard for studying soil, known as pedology. He translated The Great Soil Groups of the World and Their Development (1927) from the German and wrote the Soils of the United States (1935).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.