Marc Bloch

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Marc Bloch
BirthplaceLyon, France
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bloch, Marc


Born July 6, 1886, in Lyon; died near there, June 16, 1944. French historian.

Bloch studied at the École Normale Supérieure and completed his education (1908–09) at the universities of Leipzig and Berlin. He was a professor at the University of Strasbourg from 1919 to 1936; later, he was a professor at the Sorbonne. During the German occupation of France, Bloch was an active participant in the Resistance movement; he was shot by the Gestapo.

In specific historical works, Bloch gave the most profound treatment in bourgeois scholarship of Western European feudalism as an integrated social system, on the basis of generalization from a great quantity of factual material. In 1929, Bloch and L. Fèvre founded and directed the journal Annales d’histoire économique et sociale (now Annales: Economies, Sociétés, Civilisations), which strengthened the study of socioeconomic history in France and promoted a more extensive use in historical research of materials from related disciplines (psychology, geography, economics, statistics, and others). The learned school which was formed around Bloch during the 1930’s is still influential in contemporary historiography (especially in the study of the Middle Ages and the modern period).


Les Caracteres originaux de l’histoire rurale française, vols. 1–2. Oslo-Paris, 1931–56. In Russian translation: Kharakternye cherry frantsuzskoi agrarnoi istorii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1957.
Apologie pour l’histoire. . . . Paris, 1949.
La Société féodale. [Paris, 1968.]
Melanges historiques, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1963. (Bibliography of Bloch’s works, vol. 2, pp. 1031–1104.)


Kon, I. S., and A. D. Liublinskaia. “Trudy frants. istorika M. Bloka.” Voprosy istorii, 1955, no. 8.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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In his influential Feudal Society, Marc Bloch signalled the importance of family for understanding the structure of medieval aristocratic society.
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Ha cerca de dois anos, o convite para mesa-redonda destinada a comemorar os 80 anos dos Annales, levou-me a preparacao de texto, propositadamente polemico, ja publicado, em que pretendia argumentar que a griffe deixada por Lucien Febvre e Marc Bloch, ainda que tivesse assegurado um inedito prestigio para a historia, acabara por desvia-la do lugar que o mundo moderno parecia atribuir-lhe (NEVES 2011, p.
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O perplexo oficial, testemunha da velocidade acachapante do "boato da chegada iminente" dos alemaes, era Marc Bloch.
This is a book I've been wanting to write, inspired in large part by Marc Bloch's 'Strange Defeat,' his 1940 meditation on the defeat of France in 1940, and William L.