Marcel Lajos Breuer

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Breuer, Marcel Lajos


Born May 21, 1902, in Pecs, Hungary. American architect.

Breuer studied and worked in 1920-28 in Germany at the Bauhaus (mainly as a furniture designer), and in 1925 he invented tubular steel furniture. In 1928-31 he lived in Berlin, in 1935-37 in London, and after 1937 in the USA (where up to 1941 he collaborated with W. Gropius). As one of the leaders of functionalism he strove for a functional sharpness of composition, clarity of building structures, and compactness of planes and volumes. Breuer’s buildings include the Bijenkorf department store in Rotterdam (1956-57), an enclosed area with widely spaced slit-shaped windows, a controlled climate, and artificial illumination; the UNESCO building in Paris (1953-57, jointly with B. Zehrfuss and P. L. Nervi); a gymnasium in Litchfield, Conn. (1954-56); and the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York (1966). These buildings demonstrate the achievement and possibilities of modern architecture and are notable for the plastic expressiveness and skillful use of the structural and artistic possibilities of concrete.


Breuer, Marcel. Buildings and Projects, 1921-1961. London, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(2) The Met Breuer, named after its architect Marcel Breuer (1902-81), was a bespoke building created for the Whitney Museum of American Art, which had moved to its new premises designed by Renzo Piano in 2015.
At St John's Abbey Church in Collegeville, Minnesota, the architect Marcel Breuer's spaces convey unification, both physically and spiritually.
But nearly 30 years of success had followed by the time of API's 1974 move from its original home in New York to the Marcel Breuer building in Reston in the Washington, D.C., suburbs, where it remained until earlier this year.
Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer went on to teach at Harvard's Graduate School of Design.
Marcel Breuer (1902 Pcs, Hungary - 1981) Bauhaus years: 1920-1928 Breuer was a student of Gropius' carpentry programme until 1924, when he came to lead the workshop until 1928.
By the end of the 1960s, no respectable college campus was without an austere, hulking concrete art center or library, and cities looking to reshape their decaying urban centers tore through entire neighborhoods to make way for Brutalist architects like Louis Kahn, Marcel Breuer and Le Corbusier's utopian visions of tomorrow.
As examples of building renovations using this green approach, Stein shares three case studies from his architectural office, TPS/Elemental Architecture in New York: the 1971 Cleveland Trust Tower by Marcel Breuer in Cleveland, Ohio; the 1907 Shepard Hall in New York City by George Post; and the 1999 South Jamaica Branch Library in Queens, New York, by Stein's own office.
has had American imitators (if we consider Martha Stewart and Isaac Mizrahi retail items as such), but Metz was remarkable for commissioning what is now museum-quality work from Marcel Breuer, Le Corbusier, Ludwig Mies van de Rohe, Rene Lalique, and many artists starting in the 1920s.
The Whitney -- which this year celebrates its 80th anniversary -- is moving from the granite citadel that Marcel Breuer designed on Madison Avenue and 75th Street, a Brutalist building that it has inhabited since 1966.