Marcel Griaule


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Griaule, Marcel

 

Born May 16, 1898, in Aisy-sur-Armançon, in the department of Yonne; died Feb. 22, 1956, in Paris. French ethnologist. Professor of the University of Paris (from 1942). Secretary general of the Society of Af-ricanists.

An organizer of five expeditions to Africa, Griaule devoted his main studies to the spiritual culture and archaeology of the peoples of West Africa. These works expressed strong antiracist sentiments. However, while demanding respect for African civilization, Griaule reduced its essence to religious beliefs and mythology and actually advocated the preservation of those archaic elements of African culture that hinder the development of a new Africa.

WORKS

Les Flambeurs d’hommes. Paris, 1934.
Masques dogons. Paris, 1938.
Dieu d’eau. Entretiens avec Ogotemmêli. Paris, 1948.
“Fouilles dans le région du Tchad.” Journal de la Société desAfricanistes, 1948, vol. 18; 1950, vol. 20. (With J. P. Lebeuf.)
Méthode de l’ethnographie. Paris, 1957.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Text to support the Temple of Maat paradigm will consist of, but not limited to: African Origins of the Major Western Religions by Yesef ben-Jochannan, Conversations with Ogotemmeli by Marcel Griaule; Selections from the Husia, Maat: The Moral Ideal in Ancient Egypt, and the Odu Ifa: The Ethical Teachings by Maulana Karenga, Ancient Egypt: The Light of the World by Gerald Massey, Metu Neter by Ra Un Nefer Amen, The Spirit of a Man by Iyanla Vanzant, Book of Coming Forth By Day by Maulana Karenga, the Papyrus of Hu-nefer and Hymn to Amen-Ra, Two Thousand Seasons by Ayi K.
The plot of Sirius, in which beings from that star system visit Earth, reminds us that the composer's work emerged in the age of structuralist anthropology and strongly recalls Marcel Griaule and Germaine Dieterlen's contemporaneously astonishing but now strongly contested research on the West African Dogon people, in which a Dogon creation story centers on their origins in the Sirius system.
Nous ne saurons jamais ce qu'a pense Koguem, l'un des principaux informateurs de Marcel Griaule, en decouvrant la Grande galerie de zoologie du Museum national d'histoire naturelle, les 26 et 27 aout 1952.
Mais le chapitre devoile aussi nombres d'episodes inapercus des historiens sur la vie du Musee et la succession de Rivet, revoque en novembre 1940, oh les agissements de Marcel Griaule apparaissent en toute clarte.
He was no "ordinary" sociologist, as Riley shows us in his essay "Sex, Death, the Other and Art: The Search for the Mythic in the Work of Michel Leiris." He followed courses of Mauss, but also studied philosophy and literature, came under the influence of Andre Breton and the Surrealist movement, and had a decisive encounter with the sacred while taking part in the epochal African ethnographic expedition of Marcel Griaule (212).
In fact, reading Marcel Griaule's Conversation with Ogotemeli helps Tashi learn about how female circumcision came about.
Um breve artigo de Marcel Griaule, "Ceramica", constitui um bom exemplo desse recentramento da reflexao museografica em torno do valor de uso.
The museum has drawn upon and extended the work of Louis Deplagnes in the early years of the twentieth century, and Marcel Griaule in the 1930S, who both dedicated many years in attempting to uncover some of the mysteries that still surround the Dogon's origins, their beliefs and rituals.
It is therefore easy to understand why the French surrealist writer Michel Leiris was keen to participate in the expedition from Dakar to Djibouti, led by his friend, the ethnographer Marcel Griaule. Leiris was to be the "secretary-archivist" of the team.
En sus busquedas bibliograficas en Paris conoce a Marcel Griaule, entre otros africanistas.
As Alice Gallois has explained, Marcel Griaule, Paul Rivet, and Andre Leroi-Gourhan combated this somewhat retrograde suspicion of filmmaking by making films themselves as a supplement to their own fieldwork.
En El Africa fantasmal Leiris no escribe propiamente un libro de viajes, que documenta sus andanzas en la expedicion etnografica de Marcel Griaule entre 1931 y 1933, sino que Crea las condiciones necesarias para desarrollar su pensamiento.