Marceline Desbordes-Valmore


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Desbordes-Valmore, Marceline

 

(pseudonym of Marceline Félicité Josephine Desbordes). Born June 20, 1786, in Douai; died July 23, 1859, in Paris. French poet.

As a young woman, Desbordes-Valmore was a comedy actress and singer. The books Maria, Elegies and Romances (1819), Elegies and New Poems (1825), Tears (1833), Poor Flowers (1839), and Bouquets and Prayers (1843) won her fame as an outstanding 19th-century romantic poet. The principal motifs of her poetry are the instability of the world, the pain of unrequited love, and the search for peace through the evangelical precepts of goodness and charity.

The naive simplicity and artlessness of images, the melancholy autumnal landscapes, and the melodiousness of Desbordes-Valmore’s poetry attracted the attention of French composers to her lyric works. She also wrote novels on problems of art, love, and family happiness, including An Artist’s Studio (1833). Her fairy tales and stories for children were compiled in The Book of Mothers and Children (1840) and the anthology Young Heads and Young Hearts (1855).

WORKS

Poésies complètes, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1931–1932.
In Russian translation:
[Poems translated by M. Lozinskii]. In Frantsuzskie stikhi v perevode russkikh poetov. Moscow, 1969.

REFERENCES

Aragon, L. “Masterskaia khudozhnika: M. Debord-Val’mor—romanistka.” Sobr. soch., vol. 10. Moscow, 1961.
Zweig, S. “M. Debord-Val’mor.” Sobr. soch., vol. 6. Moscow, 1963.
Sainte-Beuve, C. A. Madame Desbordes-Valmore, sa vie, sa correspondence. Paris, 1870.
Moulin, J. M. Desbordes-Valmore. Paris, 1959.

S. I. VELIKOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Kadish's introduction establishes the theoretical framework for her study, which examines the writings of Germaine de Stael (1766-1817), Charlotte Dard (1798-1862), Marceline Desbordes-Valmore 0786-1859), Claire de Duras (1777-1828), and Sophie Doin (1800-46).
A well-known illustration is Baudelaire's 1861 essay on the most reputed 19th-century woman poet, Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, in which despite praise for her lyric "inspiration," he cannot credit her with genuine artistic creativity.
Inspired by her lover Henri de Latouche a prominent man of letters in early nineteenth-century France Marceline Desbordes-Valmore a gifted poet and actress experiences the joy and pain of romantic passion.
Presented under the heading "Romanticism: Revolutions and Interiority" are poems by Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, Amable Tastu, Delphine Gay de Girardin, Elisa MercLur, and Louise Colet.
They include four women: Mme de Stael, George Sand, Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, and Rachilde.
Egalement Benjamin Constant, Dickens (pour Martin Chuzzlewit), Baudelaire, Thackeray, Tolstoi (pour Guerre et Paix), Marceline Desbordes-Valmore (pour Le Roman d'un peintre, republie par Aragon dans Les Lettres Franfaises en 1949), Goethe (pour Wertber), Hoffmann, Dumas, Stendhal, Aragon lui-meme, bien entendu, et Elsa Triolet.
The problem with Marceline Desbordes-Valmore," Johnson explains, "is not that the misogynists excluded her, but that they applauded her.
Pourtant, hormis Marceline Desbordes-Valmore et Renee Vivien, de quelles femmes poetes se souvient-on generalement pour cette periode?
A revised edition, published in 1888, added material on Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, and Verlaine himself.
regne sur "une communaute d'elite" (titre de la premiere section du livre) est examine par des incursions culturelles pertinentes dans le domaine de la sociabilite, de la biographie reelle et imaginaire, de son amitie avec Mine de Stael et avec Marceline Desbordes-Valmore.
Inspired by her lover Henri de Latouche, a prominent man of letters in early nineteenth-century France, Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, a gifted poet and actress, experiences the joy and pain of romantic passion.
Maternal Echoes: The Poetry of Marceline Desbordes-Valmore and Alphonse de Lamartine.