Marcello Caetano

Caetano, Marcello

 

Born Aug. 17, 1906, in Lisbon. Portuguese state figure. Son of a schoolteacher.

After graduating from the law faculty of the University of Lisbon in 1927, Caetano entered the Ministry of Finance, where he became a close associate of A. Salazar. He began to teach law at the University of Lisbon in 1933. Caetano was national commissar of the Union of Portuguese Youth from 1940 to 1944 and director and dean of the department of political economy and industrial production of the Higher Technical Institute from 1942 to 1944. He was minister of colonies from 1944 to 1947, becoming chairman of the executive committee of the National Union Party in 1947. Caetano was president of the Corporative Chamber of parliament from 1950 to 1955; in 1952 he was named lifetime member of the State Council. He was minister without portfolio subordinate to the premier from 1955 to 1958and rector of the University of Lisbon from 1952 to 1967. As successor to the fascist dictator Salazar, Caetano assumed thepost of chairman of the Council of Ministers of Portugal in 1968.On Apr. 25, 1974, Caetano was removed from this post andarrested during the antifascist coup d’etat. In May 1974 he wasexiled to Brazil. [11-1670-1; updated]

References in periodicals archive ?
Para suceder a Salazar, o Presidente da Republica, Americo Tomaz, escolheu um dos construtores do aparelho juridico-politico do regime: Marcello Caetano.
conforme se le no relatorio dirigido ao Secretario de Estado da Informacao, em outubro de 1969, remetido pelo homem que assumia entao as funcoes de assessor de comunicacao de Marcello Caetano (18).
Balsemao era, nessa altura, deputado da Assembleia Nacional, integrando a chamada "ala liberal" que estava em rota de colisao com o chefe do Governo: enquanto Marcello Caetano optava por manter o regime autoritario, ainda que menos repressivo; a "ala liberal" pugnava por uma rapida e radical abertura politica do regime, estando disposta a colaborar e apoiar Caetano na condicao de este dar sinais claros de transformar o regime numa democracia.
Iniciada em 28 de marco de 1926 como regime militar, sua longa durabilidade acompanhada do relativo atraso economico e cultural portugues fizeram com que a queda do Estado Novo, ja sob o consulado de Marcello Caetano, provocasse tanto surpresa quanto curiosidade na opiniao publica internacional.
O primeiro modelo privilegia a analise da gestao de Marcello Caetano e dos limites e potenciais da modernizacao por ele implementada nos cinco anos e meio em que esteve a frente do Executivo portugues.
Dentre estes personagens, o mais importante foi, seguramente, Marcello caetano (4).
Vale notar que ela se notabilizara mais nitidamente quando da ascensao do ex-integralista Marcello caetano ao governo, na condicao de sucessor de Antonio Oliveira Salazar no cargo de Presidente do conselho de Ministros.
Nesse caso, sobretudo, trouxe para a esfera da administracao jovens universitarios que, em breve tempo, teriam espaco e importancia crescente no regime, como Pedro Teotonio Pereira e Marcello Caetano.
Tambem na decada de 1950, Salazar se viu obrigado a mediar as disputas entre setores "conservadores", sob a lideranca de Santos Costa, e "modernos", capitaneados por Marcello Caetano.
While the Estado Novo's leader changed from Salazar (who left office in September 1968 and died in July 1970) to Marcello Caetano, a Professor of Law and Constitutional History and one of the architects of the Dictatorship's system, the historiography of Portugal was also changing.
NATO had no objection to the oppression in Portugal carried out by Antonio de Oliveira Salazar and Marcello Caetano, who were busy annihilating "liberation" movements almost identical to the Kosovo Liberation Army.
The Armed Forces Movement (MFA), which staged the initial coup that ousted the long-term, authoritarian-corporatist regime of Antonio Salazar and his successor, Marcello Caetano, was not at first committed to democracy.