Marcello Piacentini

Piacentini, Marcello

 

Born Dec. 8, 1881, in Rome; died there May 19, 1960. Italian neoclassical architect.

Piacentini studied art at the Academy of Arts in Rome and engineering at the University of Rome. In the 1930’s he directed the official architectural policy of Fascist Italy. Using G. de Chirico’s metaphysical painting as a point of departure, Piacentini worked with simple, oppressive architectural forms, dissociated from the specific qualities of the material and alienated from man. In his formal buildings and complexes, Piacentini schematized classical architecture, using a geometric organization of masses and exaggerated contrasts of volume and space. He often introduced intrusive arcades and many-tiered towers into his compositions, although they were out of harmony with the inner logic of the structures.

Piacentini’s works in Rome include the University Town (1930–35, the planning and construction of the rectory) and the complex for the World’s Fair planned for 1942 (construction begun in 1937, with G. Pagano). The architect also designed the Piazza della Vittoria (begun in 1932) in Brescia.

A. V. IKONNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
The journals at issue include Architettura e Arti Decorative, founded in 1921 and later renamed Architettura (Organo ufficiale del sindicato degli architetti), headed by Marcello Piacentini; Quadrante, with Pier Maria Bardi and Massimo Bontempelli at the helm (1933-1936); Casabella, managed by Edoardo Persico and Giuseppe Pagano; and Domus, founded in 1928 and run by Gio Ponti until the nineteen forties.
We began near the Piazza Marconi at the axis of the EUR master plan conceived by scores of architects who grew up in early 20th-century Italy.The director was Marcello Piacentini, a prodigiously productive architect who made room for a spectrum of approaches.